Of course, like with any approach, they can be misapplied, overused, or abused. Use them if they help your task; otherwise, don't. Short chapters are employed in certain novels to keep the tension alive, or to ensure that all books with short chapters have a particularly solid plot line. For example, some authors might use a short chapter structure to avoid having too many scenes that come down to nothing.
The main advantage of using short chapters is that you can tell more in less time. If you want to keep readers interested and not get bored, then using short chapters is an excellent solution because it keeps the story moving along.
However, this does not mean that short chapters are appropriate for every genre or topic. If you want to write a novel with extremely long chapters, then go for it! Just make sure that the length of these chapters serves a purpose. For example, if the aim is to describe something in great detail, then writing a lot of words will help do that. But if the goal is to leave room for more drama or suspense, then keeping the chapters short is the way to go.
There is no logical reason for chapters in books. On a more practical level, books are separated into chapters to facilitate the reading experience. You will keep the audience satisfied if you provide plenty of "resting areas." These can be short breaks anywhere in the text, including between paragraphs and pages.
Chapters also provide a convenient way to divide up content where appropriate. For example, you could have several chapters that cover different aspects of your topic. Or you could divide your book into two chapters: one on methodology and one on applications.
As for the actual form of chapters, they can be any length. There is no right or wrong number of pages per chapter. However, most books contain between 15 and 25 chapters. Longer or shorter amounts of time may occur depending on your subject matter and how it is divided up by the author.
Some books are published in parts with each part being its own book. This is common with reference works and textbooks that include CD-ROMs or other supplementary material that cannot fit inside the pages of a single volume. The parts are usually published over a period of months or years, so there may be some delay before you can read about topics within the book that are not yet available.
Finally, some books do not have chapters at all.
Chapters are common in long books. Nonfiction books, particularly those used for research, nearly typically feature chapters to aid navigation. Chapters in these texts are frequently broken into parts. Larger works with several chapters sometimes divide them into many "parts" as the primary subdivision of the book.
The typical chapter has a header that gives the chapter a title and indicates the main idea of the chapter. The body of the chapter consists of paragraphs that explain or discuss the topic covered by the chapter. The end of the chapter includes a summary of the key points made in the chapter. Summaries are often included at the beginning of each section of the book.
Often, chapters reveal a theme or an organizing principle for the book as a whole. For example, all of Jane Austen's novels have chapters that follow this pattern: introduction (about one page) - plot summary (about one page) - debate or discussion (about five pages). Although Austen wrote multiple short stories as well as two volumes of memoirs, she never published anything else like novels in today's sense of the word-long series of connected scenes with a beginning, middle and end.
In terms of writing style, chapters provide a useful structure because they help to organize a book into discrete units that are easier to read than a continuous text. This is especially important when reading a long book over several sessions or times.
Short can be quite short at the shorter end. I've frequently written chapters of 500 words or less. (That's about a page and a half of a standard paperback.) You can limit yourself to 300 words or fewer. As long as you keep your ideas simple, clear, and to the point, there's no reason you couldn't go for a very short chapter.
The problem with short chapters is that they're often full of unnecessary detail and filler material. The reader may feel like they're reading pointless trivia when all they want to do is find out what happens next. They may even skip over some short chapters if they seem like they are going nowhere or if the story isn't engaging them enough to stay focused on what's happening within the chapter.
Short chapters also make it difficult to show the development of the characters or plot. We need more than just a description of how someone looks in order to understand their personality, so we can't really do this type of exposition in such a short space of time.
Finally, short chapters make it harder to establish scene change or setting change. If nothing else, a longer chapter allows for more room-shot description, which helps to further immerse the reader in the world of the book.
Short chapters are fine as long as they aren't an actual problem for you or your story.
A short narrative does not typically contain chapters since it is considered one big story that may be told in a few phrases. Remember, short tales are just 1000 to 9999 words long. That is not to imply that chapters cannot exist; far from it. Short stories very well can have chapters, but they're not required.
Short stories are often written for entertainment purposes and therefore do not require much structure or design. You should still use subheadings and paragraphs as you would for any other piece of writing.
As mentioned, a short story does not need to be limited to 998 words or less. Some short stories are even longer than this. A short novel (which is also called a short story collection) is a story with several parts, each under 100 words long. These parts are called "chapters". Short novels often include a title page showing the book's title and author along with the year it was published. The first chapter of a short novel is always called a "opening" chapter because it introduces the reader to the setting of the story and explains what will happen next.
Some writers prefer to call a story with chapters "novella", which is Italian for "new thing". Novellas are usually shorter than novels and can be between 5000 and 20 000 words long.
Consider how lengthy each chapter should be. Short, action-packed chapters assist to up the pace. Longer, introspective chapters that dwell on locale or historical detail provide a break for the reader. If your chapters are unfocused, they might cause your novel to lose its feeling of direction. Consider dividing one long chapter into several shorter ones to avoid this problem.
Start every chapter with a powerful opening line. This line should grab the reader and not let go until the chapter is finished. It can be as simple as "In which Mary's luck turns." or "Where there's smoke, there's fire". More complex openings will keep the reader interested as well as help them understand what kind of book it is they're about to read.
Write clear, concise sentences. Avoid using long words where short ones will do. Use proper nouns only when necessary. Always proofread your work before submitting it!
Finally, be sure to follow all the basic writing rules. These include having a topic, telling a story, introducing and concluding a chapter, etc. As you write more chapters, you'll find ways to improve your style and technique.