Works' Titles Titles of works that appeared in a broader context—chapters from a book, a poem published in a magazine or a collection of poetry, a short tale, etc. —are surrounded by quotation marks. As a result, Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales are italicized, yet "The Miller's Tale" is surrounded by quotation marks.
Book titles should be italicized or underlined. Depending on what it is, refer to the work as a novel, tale, essay, memoir, or poem. Use the author's surname in subsequent references to him or her.
Individual short story and poetry titles are surrounded by quotation marks. Italicize the titles of short story and poetry anthologies. Do not use caps for title cases.
For example, Andre Dubus's short tale "The Intruder" appears in his book Dancing After Hours.
This becomes more difficult when authors name their collection after a tale inside that collection. For example, one might italicize "Huckleberry Finn" but not "Tom Sawyer."
Short story and poetry titles should be centered, with the first word capitalized and the rest of the title in lowercase. An exception to this rule is when using small capitals for short story titles instead of normal caps. For example, one might use Small Caps for all the titles of a single anthology or book rather than only some of them. One could also use small capitals for poem titles if one wanted to give the impression that they are from famous poets such as Shakespeare or Byron.
Titles should be simple and unambiguous. If necessary, an editor should be consulted to ensure that no confusion will result from changing the title. For example, an editor might suggest changing "The Yellow Wallpaper" into "Wallpaper: A Story Without Love." Although the original title would still work, it could cause confusion if someone were to buy this edition thinking it was just another story called "The Yellow Wallpaper."
Short story and poetry titles should be concise and to the point.
Full-text titles, such as books or newspapers, should be italicized. Short work titles, such as poems, essays, short tales, or chapters, should be surrounded by quotation marks. If the name of the book series is italicized, titles of books that are part of a larger body of work may be put in quotation marks. For example: "The Iliad and The Odyssey".
Titles of whole works, such as books or newspapers, should be italicized. Both practices are optional in modern style guides.
In general, we italicize titles that can stand on their own. As a result, we distinguish between the names of novels and journals, for example, and the titles of poems, short stories, articles, and episodes (for television shows). These shorter compositions' titles would be encircled by double quotation marks. Titles of books and films are not italicized.
The only exception to this rule is if the title is part of the publication's subtitle or soubriquet. Thus we find all-female magazines such as Ladies' Home Journal and Vanity Fair with titles that are not italicized but rather in small print inside the cover. Similarly, magazines with descriptive subtitles often omit the title word from their covers: "Science" magazine, for example. Finally, some journals have subtitled sections instead of volumes. The American Chemical Society's journal Chemistry-Chemical Reviews has subheadings instead of volumes. Their titles are not italicized.