A working paper is not examined by a publisher before publication, nor does the availability of a working paper online exclude an article from being considered for publication. However, papers which report new research or extend previous work are more likely to be accepted for publication.
Working papers are usually prepared for conferences or special issues of journals, although some publishers will also consider them for other forms of publication such as books. The length of working papers varies but most are about 15 pages long including references. Authors typically have the opportunity to revise their work following peer review.
Working papers are different from articles that appear in academic journals. An article is reviewed by peers and must meet certain criteria to be considered for publication. It can report new research or it can discuss existing studies or theories. Articles often include comments from authors regarding their main findings as well as discussions concerning other topics related to its subject matter.
Working papers are usually produced by researchers while they are still studying or preparing material for conferences or books. They may report on their own work or others' research. As such, working papers can sometimes be seen as pre-prints of future articles or presentations.
Authors should be aware that working papers which report new research cannot be used for applying for grants or hiring employees.
Working Papers are drafts of academic papers, book chapters, or reviews. Papers placed on this site are in the works, have been submitted, or are in the press and will be published elsewhere. They are intended to be reproduced, so authors should not identify them as unpublished.
How did they get that name? The first working papers were produced by British economists in the late 18th century. They were notes taken by young scholars just starting out in their careers who wanted to publish their findings before they became too well-known.
Why post them online? Online distribution allows researchers to reach a large audience quickly and it removes geographical restrictions on publication. Also, working papers can function as teaser documents, enticing readers with glimpses of things to come. Finally, putting materials online can help create permanent records that scholars can refer to years later.
Who posts them? Anyone can submit an article for posting. UChicago Press has an open submission policy; we welcome submissions from faculty members, students, and outsiders. There are two ways to do this: via our online form or directly with [email protected]
Why should I care? Working papers are important contributions to the literature that often lead to more publications and greater career advancement.
A publishable journal article is a piece of literature arranged around one significant new concept that is demonstrably connected to previously published knowledge. In other words, research publications are published because they add something fresh to an old topic. They show how much has been discovered about some aspect of life since it was last discussed publicly.
An article is publishable when it is judged to be important and substantial enough to justify the expenditure of time and effort necessary to produce a finished product that can stand on its own as an independent work. Usually this means that it must be written up according to standard academic guidelines and have a clear structure with a beginning, middle and end. It may also mean that it uses appropriate data and analyses and provides sufficient information for others to evaluate his or her ideas fairly.
Often times articles are published in journals that specialize in certain topics. So before you send your manuscript out, it's important to check if the journal you're submitting to accepts submissions in your field of study. If not, try another journal.
When deciding whether or not to accept a particular article submission, editors usually look at three main factors: relevance, significance, and originality. Relevance refers to whether or not the topic being studied is still relevant today. If there have been recent developments related to the subject, then the paper will not be accepted.