Depending on your field, you may use first-person pronouns (I, we) in academic writing. Second-person pronouns (you, yours) should be avoided almost always. Third-person pronouns (he, she, it) can be used to refer to people in a general way.
When writing about individuals, avoid using the word "they" because it is not acceptable gender-neutral language. Use the words "one" or "someone" instead.
In academic writing, we often describe groups of people using terms such as "those people over there". When writing in this manner, use the plural form of the word "people" (not "they") to indicate that you are referring to more than one person.
It is also acceptable to use we when discussing groups of people. For example: "We will be studying animals in class today."
Using we is appropriate in an academic setting because it does not discriminate against any individual. Also, remember to use proper grammar when describing groups of people!
When we write, we have a propensity to personalize it by writing in the first person. In other words, we employ pronouns like "I" and "we." When writing personal information, a journal, or a novel, this is appropriate. It is, nevertheless, uncommon in scholarly writing. Rather than writing about yourself, others will be interested in your views so please consider someone else instead!
The first person also refers to narratives that are told by a single character. This could be a story within a story, an autobiography, or a diary entry. Scholarly articles are usually written by teams of people, so they cannot be written by only one author. Instead, they are divided into paragraphs, sections, and chapters that may be written by different people.
Even though scholars may use the first person when writing about others, it is not recommended for technical documents as these tend to be written by committees and involve many voices. For example, a research paper might include a first paragraph that is written by the researcher and then further discussed with colleagues before being completed by everyone involved. Even if you are the sole writer, try to imagine how your article would be read by another person -- what would they need to know about you and your topic to understand everything there is to know about it?
Using the first person is common in journals, magazines, and newspapers because these genres are generally written by individuals rather than teams.
Yes, you can use "we" in your manuscript to refer to yourself and your co-authors. Whether you use first-person pronouns or not is a matter of personal preference. Of course, if your publisher's author requirements state "do not use I or we in your book," avoid using I or us.
Second-person points of view are often avoided in academic writing in favor of third-person points of view. Second person can be too informal for academic writing, and it can also alienate the reader if they do not empathize with the topic. Third-person points of view are easier to write in and read about because the writer is not directly addressing the audience.
First person points of views are rarely used in academic writing because the writer's opinion is assumed to be relevant to the audience. First person narratives are difficult to write in because the author is telling his or her story rather than reporting on other people's experiences. This type of writing can be interesting but takes effort to write well.
It is important that academic writing uses simple language, is clear and concise without being vague, and is accurate. It should be able to hold an audience's interest through effective use of narrative, analogy, and example. Writing that uses specific details and examples can help readers understand the topic more deeply. Writing that lacks specificity may make the topic seem like a random collection of ideas rather than a coherent subject matter.
Academic writing that uses first person points of view can be difficult to read about because the writer is talking directly to the audience rather than describing someone else's experience.