Professors may clarify that graduate programs anticipate late faculty letters. That may or may not be accurate, but it is your responsibility to guarantee that your mails reach on time. You have no control over the faculty member's actions, but you may provide polite reminders. If your letters are not received by the required date, then it is unlikely that they will be considered.
There are two types of recommendations: written and verbal. A written recommendation provides an outline of your skills and abilities, which allows the reader to understand what type of student you will be for the program in question. This document can be informal (e-mail), formal (letter), or some combination thereof. It should be typed, double-spaced, and include your name, the name of the applicant, and the date. If you cannot write a strong letter, then find someone who can. It is important that you send this document to the appropriate party at the appropriate time.
A verbal recommendation is an opinion given orally before an admission decision is made. These opinions can be given by current faculty members or former students. They can also be given by colleagues or friends of the department or school. Verbal recommendations are useful if there are no eligible candidates within the pool of applicants, or if the department or school does not want to invest its time interviewing many weak candidates.
It might be terrifying to follow up on late letters. Explain to the faculty member that the graduate program called you because your application was incomplete since they had not received all of your reference letters. Most professors will instantly apologize, maybe claiming that they forgot, and will promptly email it. If this does not happen, call or email again later.
Sometimes letters get lost in the mail. If this happens to you, contact the writer immediately via email or phone. Sometimes people lose interest in your career after a few years and forget about you. If this happens to one of your writers, simply remind him or her of your application by sending them an email or calling them out by name.
Finally, some letters take longer to write than others. If yours are delayed, do not worry about it. There is no set number of references that applicants are expected to provide. If a professor cannot be contacted after several attempts, then he or she probably did not want to write you any letter at all.
Late or missing letters will not hurt your application. In fact, those who have none at all often say that they prefer this way since it gives them more freedom in their writing.
If you receive late letters, just assume that your writers are trying their best to help you succeed. This should not scare you away from asking for recommendations.
Don't put it off until the night before to remind them. You give them ample time to draft their letters without feeling pressured by sending a friendly reminder two weeks before the deadline. Your recommendation letters are an essential component of a successful application. The more you can do to ensure their quality, the better your chances of being invited for an interview.
It is recommended to send your recommendations at least two weeks in advance of the application due date. If you send them any later than this, there's no guarantee that they will make it on time. However, most universities/colleges will allow you to submit recommendations after the stated deadline if there is some sort of emergency situation which makes it impossible to get them done beforehand. For example, if you were hospitalized just before the deadline then it would be okay to send them later.
The purpose of writingrecommendation letters is to describe your potential candidate's skills and qualities that are relevant to the position they are applying for. Therefore, it is important to think about what you are going to write and how long it will take you to write it. It is recommended to allow at least two hours for writing a good recommendation letter.
Generally speaking, the longer the letter, the better.