Full-text titles, such as books or newspapers, should be italicized. Short work titles, such as poems, essays, short tales, or chapters, should be surrounded by quotation marks. If the name of the book series is italicized, titles of books that are part of a larger body of work may be put in quotation marks. For example: "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey".
Quotes are used to highlight a word or phrase in a sentence and can either be attached to it or stand on their own. You can attach a quote to another piece of text called an attribution. An attribution is a brief statement giving information about the source of the quoted words or phrases. For example: "Some people say that love is just a feeling but others say it's more than that -- it's a choice." There are many different ways to display quotes within your writing. The next time you write about love or hate, consider these various options.
Use single quotes to indicate a word or phrase that needs to be quoted exactly as it appears in the text. Single quotes are used to surround words or phrases that might be misconstrued if written in normal sentences. For example: 'Love' is an important thing for your health.
Use double quotes to indicate a word or phrase that should be interpreted literally. Double quotes are used to surround words or phrases that contain spaces or other punctuation marks.
Long titles, such as novels, movies, or record albums, should be italicized in general. Poems, essays, book chapters, music, and television shows should all have their titles in quote marks. Quoting a segment of a long title is done by enclosing the text in question in inverted commas: "The Movie" refers to a film; "Black Beauty" refers to a book.
In general usage, it is acceptable to omit the quotes from a quoted phrase, if doing so does not cause confusion (for example, if the phrase is a name). However, unless there is a good reason for omitting them, they should always be included.
Thus "I like books" is correct, but "I like books" is incorrect. "I like books" is a sentence that can stand alone as far as its meaning is concerned, so no information is lost by leaving out the quotes. But "I like books" tells us that someone is going to say something about books later in the passage. If we leave out the quotes here, we would not be able to refer back to what was said earlier in the passage without repeating itself. This could cause confusion for the reader.
Similarly, "Books are my favorite form of entertainment" is correct, but "Books are my favorite form of entertainment" is incorrect.
The requirements for putting quote marks around titles differ depending on the style guide you choose. For the names of shorter pieces of work, such as poems, essays, book chapters, songs, TV programs, and so on, use quote marks. Whether a title is quoted or not depends on the author's choice.
In general, if a title includes words that are also found within the body of the work, it is best to leave them out of the quotation marks. So "A Prayer for Owen Meany" would not include the word "prayer," but "Owen Meany: A Prayer" would. However, if the word appears at the beginning or end of the title, it is acceptable to include it: "A Prayer for Owen Meany by John Green" or "Prayer for Owen Meany."
Additionally, some books have separate titles for their first, second, and sometimes third editions. These can be quoted separately or together with no problem. Their order does not matter for determining how to put quotes around the title.
Finally, some books have multiple titles over time because of changes made by later editors. These should never be included in quotations because they cannot be assumed to remain unchanged from original publication.