"Moonlight in Valencia: Civil War," perhaps his most poignant poem from his time in Spain, most of which was written during his first few weeks in the country, personalized a death that was no longer heroic and idealized as civilians imagined: "An officer in a pretty uniform/Or a nurse in a clean white dress." Instead... they were simply two people, one young and one old, "Who had nothing to live for anymore."
Hughes also wrote some poems in French ("Le Pont Mirabeau" et al.), but none of his work has been seen as important or even interesting enough to translate into Spanish. He died in America, where he was buried in New York City.
Some scholars have suggested that since he traveled with only a little money in his pocket and since poets were not usually paid at the time, that he might have needed to write in another language to keep publishing. But others think that writing in different languages may have been an advantage, since it forced him to learn new styles and create new forms, without which a poet could not survive in today's market.
In conclusion, yes, Langston Hughes did write some of his poems in Spanish. However, it is important to remember that poetry is not just words on paper, but rather it is an art form that uses language to express ideas and emotions.
The poem was a reflection on desire, political consciousness, and a former lover's attempt to "help out" after a calamity. Jose Rizal, the country's national hero, did not die so that the youth may indulge in "vo-landi"—volunteering while flirting. He wrote the libretto for an opera called La Vendetta which dealt with similar themes.
Rizal was born on April 20, 1872 in Manila. He lost his father when he was nine years old and then went to live with his uncle who was a lawyer. Rizal wanted to be a doctor but failed the exam three times. He then decided to go to Europe and study medicine. In 1890, at the age of twenty-one, Rizal returned to the Philippines. He was appalled by the treatment of Indians by Spanish colonists and began to organize a movement against the abuse. This led to his arrest in 1896 and his execution two years later.
Rizal had many friends among the elite of Filipino society such as Domingo Abella, Pedro Paterno, and Casimiro Gómez. These men were influential members of the Katipunan, or National Liberation Society, which was founded by Rizal in 1892. The group planned to overthrow the Spanish government through armed revolt but only about 150 people joined this secret organization.
In 1893, the first Philippine Republic was established.
This poem appears to be greatly influenced by Hughes' father's experience as a soldier of the First World War (having escaped his regiment's bloodbath at Gallipoli), as well as Wilfred Owen's poetry.... "The Bayonet" was first published in 1948.
Du Fu led a nomadic existence during these years, composing poems about the events he observed and endured—famine, political instability, and personal sorrow. His work expresses the pain of lost love, the bitterness of separation, and the joy of reunion.
Du Fu wrote about the natural world, including flowers, birds, fish, trees, and mountains, and also described ordinary people doing ordinary things: hunting, farming, making music, and dancing. He also wrote about kings and emperors, including their achievements and misdeeds. The poems are often simple and direct, using short lines to express complex ideas. They lack formal rules or guidelines, so each poem is unique.
During his life, Du Fu was well known in his home region of north-central China, but today he is best known outside of China. His works have been translated into many languages, and some of his poems are included in classic books such as The Poems of Love from Ancient China by William John Hardy.
Hebrew scholars believe that one of his poems may be the source of the Book of Job because of similarities in language and content. Another famous poet who lived around the same time as Du Fu is Li Po.
The battle against General Francisco Franco became a matter of uttermost importance for Ernest Hemingway. He came to Madrid in March 1937 to examine the situation firsthand. Hemingway wrote 31 dispatches from Spain for the North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA) while reporting on the conflict. The most famous of these articles, "Death in the Afternoon", was published in the Chicago Daily News on July 12, 1957.
Hemingway's first dispatch was written from Madrid on 3 March 1937 and reported on the victory of the Republican forces over the Nationalists led by Francisco Franco. The war had begun in 1936 when Nationalist rebels overthrew the democratically-elected government of Spain's poor southern region of Catalunya. They established a fascist dictatorship that lasted until 1939 when they were defeated by Republican forces, including some American volunteers. In the years between those two events, much of Spain was ruled by Nazi Germany and Italy. They too were defeated by the Allied forces, which included people from many different countries. So Hemingway went to Spain to cover this historic event for a newspaper that would reach millions of Americans.
This was not mere journalistic jargon - it reflected Hemingway's own attitude toward the war. He was not interested in giving an impartial account of what was happening; rather, he wanted to show how violent and arbitrary death can be.