Rizal's third motivation was to produce a novel that dealt "exclusively with the Tagalog usages, virtues, and flaws." "... this time, politics (politik) will not take much place in it," he wrote. The main focus will be on ethics (ethik). He planned to call this new work "Mga Tagalog na Pagsulat ni Rizal (The Tagalog Writings of Rizal)."
But before he could start writing it, he was arrested by the Spanish authorities and sentenced to death. He died in exile on December 30, 1890.
Now, you might wonder what would have made Rizal write about politik again if he had already written about ethik back in 1884. Well, it turns out that Rizal wanted to write about politik because he believed that it was through politics that one could best serve one's country. He also thought that by writing about politik, he would be able to help influence the decisions of its inhabitants' governments.
Rizal created the novel to reveal the flaws of Philippine society during the Spanish colonial era, motivated by his passionate love for his homeland. Because of the illegal behaviors detailed in the novel, the Spaniards forbade Filipinos from reading it at the time. However, the book became very popular among the Filipino people despite the prohibition. After the war with Spain ended in 1898, Rizal was executed by a firing squad for treason.
The novel is set in the late 1850s on the island of Java where the story revolves around Nestor Cariaga, a young man from a wealthy family who works as an office assistant in the capital city of Semarang. One day, he sees an Indian slave being whipped by his Portuguese master and decides to take revenge against him. To this end, Nestor disguises himself as a Hindu priest and steals the statue of a god called Bali from a temple. He plans to use the statue as a weapon against the Portuguese owner. However, things do not go according to plan because the thief is caught while trying to escape with the idol. As punishment, he is sentenced to death but manages to escape from prison just before it happens.
Nestor travels to Malacca where he hopes to find work as a clerk but fails miserably due to his poor English language skills.
Why? Perhaps Rizal purposefully authored his essays to arouse his readers' emotions and demonstrate their nationality by a revolt. Several episodes in the novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo depict the type of tyranny that Filipinos faced at the hands of the Spaniards. In addition, Rizal wrote these books to show the world how admirable it is to fight for one's rights and not surrender to oppression.
Rizal also wanted to prove to the world that Filipinos are human beings who can think and act for themselves. He wanted to show that we are not capable of governing ourselves and need no one to rule over us. Last but not least, Rizal wrote these books to inspire his countrymen to fight against the Spanish in order to live out their dreams and achieve their goals.
In conclusion, Rizal wrote Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo because he wanted to arouse his readers' emotions and help them understand what it means to be a Filipino. He wanted to show the world that we are not capable of ruling ourselves and need no one to rule over us. Finally, Rizal sought to inspire his countrymen to fight against the Spanish in order to live out their dreams and achieve their goals.
The majority of Jose Rizal's work may be found in his articles and essays. Rizal's articles appeared in the reform daily La Solidaridad as well as in political circulars. Rizal's essays were not afraid to voice his respect for the Filipino people as well as his contempt for their Spanish rulers.
Rizal's writings can be divided into three main categories: personal, political, and literary.
His personal writings include letters, notes, and poems. These documents give a clear view of Rizal's thoughts and feelings about himself, his family, and the world around him. His political writings include essays and orations that discuss issues related to the independence movement. These documents reflect Rizal's opinions on various topics such as government, society, religion, and culture. His literary works include fiction (dramas) and non-fiction (biographies and history books). These documents show what kinds of stories and poems Rizal had an interest in writing at certain times.
In addition to these categories, some scholars have also classified Rizal's work into four periods based on stylistic differences: early nationalist (1892-1898), progressive nationalist (1898-1902), conservative nationalist (1902-1906), and late nationalist (1906-1915).
Rizal's early nationalist period includes his poems and essays written before he went into exile.