The use of headers and subheadings informs readers about what to expect from the article and guides the flow of debate. Based on the amount of subordination, the APA proposes a five-level heading structure.... The goal of using these tools is to make articles more accessible by providing a clear presentation structure and helping readers find what they're looking for faster.
APA uses these elements to help readers scan through an article and identify key ideas or topics quickly. They also provide a visual cue as to how much discussion there will be regarding each idea or topic. For example, if you were reading an article on the effects of stress on women in science, you would want to know whether the study examined genetic factors, psychological processes, or both. With headings, you could see immediately that this study focused primarily on psychological factors because they are listed first.
Using headings is very simple. At the beginning of each section of your paper, you should write not only a title but also a subtitle. These should help readers understand what kind of content they can expect to find in that section. Some examples of titles and subtitles include: "Stress and its effect on women scientists," "Women in science under pressure."
When writing these titles, keep in mind that they are useful reader navigation tools.
Each portion of the paper is divided and defined by these elements. Based on the amount of subordination, the APA proposes a five-level heading structure. November 16th, 2013 will be divided into the following sections: Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.
The first four levels are used to structure main ideas within the text. The last one provides a summary statement at the end.
Level 1 headings are called general titles and are used to give an overview of the section. Examples include "Background," "Reason for Action," and "Implications."
Level 2 headings are also called subheads and are used to identify parts of the article that follow the topic sentence under it. These sentences usually consist of a brief phrase or single word that summarizes the paragraph or part of the document. Examples include "In conclusion," "Furthermore," and "Additionally."
Level 3 headings are called subsubheads and are used to further divide a paragraph or section of the article. These paragraphs or sections may have several problems or issues to discuss, so level 3 headings help the reader understand the context of the article. Examples include "On the one hand," and "On the other hand."
There are five levels of heading in APA Style. Level 1 is the most important or highest level of heading. Level 2 is a subsection of Level 1, and so on through Levels 4 and 5. Level 3 headings are used to provide a short title for a section of text.
Levels 1 through 5 should be typed in the reference list at the end of your paper. Follow these steps to type each level of heading:
1. Start with the most important term at the top of the page. It should take up one line. Type the term in italics using 10-point font.
2. Subheadings should be typed in lowercase without periods. They should be separated by commas. Subheads should be brief and highlight the key points in a section or chapter. Avoid using subheads if they can be replaced by page numbers or other references. For example, instead of writing "Overview, Background, and History of United States Foreign Policy," write "United States foreign policy: An overview, background, and history."
3. Headlines are used to capture reader attention. Use headlines consistently throughout your paper. They should be typed in caps and followed by a colon. Headlines should be short and to the point.
The introductory section in APA Style does not have a heading, and headings are not denoted by letters or numbers. The number of headers you choose will be determined by the length and arrangement of your document. Regardless, always start with level one headlines and work your way up to level two, and so on.
There is no set rule for what to call this section of your paper, but typically it is called an "introduction" or "context." For example, your essay might have an introduction that states its topic and explains why it is important. This would be a good time to mention any previous work done on your topic or any other sources you may have used to gather information for your essay.
After your introduction, you should provide a context section. This section can include background information on your topic that isn't covered in the introduction. For example, if your essay topic is racism around the world, then your context section could discuss different types of racism and how they impact individuals or groups of people.
Finally, you should include a conclusion section. The purpose of this section is to summarize what has been discussed in the paper and offer suggestions for future research. For example, if your essay discusses different types of racism and how they affect individuals or groups of people, then your conclusion section could conclude by explaining that research on this topic could benefit from studying how racism affects different populations across the globe.
From your title, which is a first-level heading, through fifth-level headings, the following includes summaries and examples of all of the headings in APA. Your title should appear as a first-level header. It is centered, in strong font, and all key words are capitalized. Additional text follows below the title.
Your title should be concise and specific. If possible, it should include both the question being asked and the objective being met by the study. For example, if you were to conduct a study on how children learn math skills, then the title would be "Does reading literature to children improve their math skills?" The word "children" indicates that this is a research paper about education; the word "learn" suggests that the objective is to determine whether or not reading literature will help children learn math concepts better. Key words are used to describe what kind of information will be included in the study. In this case, the key word "math" describes what kind of skills people want to know if literature improves. The key word "learning" indicates that the study aims to answer this question by looking at how children react to reading stories.
Every study needs a purpose or goal. Without a clear purpose, a researcher cannot predict what results they might find. Therefore, before you begin a study, ask yourself what you hope to learn from it.
Each paper starts with an introduction. However, the heading "Introduction" is not used in APA Style since what appears at the beginning of the work is understood to be the introduction. Level 1 contains the first heading. The first heading in this article is "Literature Overview," hence it is on Level 1.