Your paper's title: type your title in upper and lowercase characters, centered in the upper half of the page. Double-space all text on the title page and throughout your document. Center the word "Abstract" on the first line of the abstract page (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or quotation marks). The title page should be printed on heavy stock paper (11 inches by 17 inches) with at least a 1-inch margin all around. Leave about 1/4 inch empty at the top and bottom of the page.
Following is an example of a title page for a research paper: Title Page [optional]
The following pages contain the abstract of your paper. You must include both a short abstract and a long abstract on each page. The short abstract includes not more than 200 words that summarize the main ideas in the paper. The long abstract consists of one full paragraph which summarizes the paper's content.
Bold font is used to highlight a term or phrase. Italicized text is used to emphasize a word or phrase. Underlined text will be seen when reading over someone's shoulder. Normal text does not appear in the final draft but may be included in the academic essay for clarity. Use these features properly to enhance the readability of your paper.
You can use the space below the title page to list any sources used in preparing the paper.
Instructions for formatting At the top of the page, write "Abstract" (bold and centered). On the next line, type the abstract's contents. The first line should not be indented. All paragraphs should be aligned on the left except for the last one which may be centered.
Headings must be centered (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or quotation marks). The abstract should be in block style (no paragraph indentation), 150–250 words in length, and include keywords. Use one-inch margins on all sides of the page.
The title should be center-aligned and in boldface. The APA suggests that your title be focused and brief, with no abbreviations or terms that serve no function. Your title should be one or two lines long.
A citation style is used to identify sources of information. These include books, articles, proceedings from meetings, and websites. When writing about works of art, including photographs, make sure that you cite both the artist and the work cited within the text. Failure to do so may result in your article being rejected by the journal you are submitting to.
Citations use letters after names to indicate different forms of the same person. These include authors' first names only, authors' last names only, and initials. You should not include titles in the citations, except for books and journals. If an author has more than one entry in a bibliography or reference list, then each one should have its own citation.
Bibliographies are lists of books that have been used as sources of information. They are usually included at the end of papers. Within these lists, entries are identified by author and date published. If an entry is available in multiple volumes or editions, then give the date published for each one.
The abstract is so significant that it deserves its own page in your research report. It will take up roughly half of a double-spaced page, directly after the title page, at about 250 words. The first paragraph of your work should be on the following page, according to APA format. The remaining space should be used for references.
In conclusion, the abstract is the summary of your paper, presented in a concise and clear manner. It makes readers interested in your work and helps them decide whether to read further. This section can make or break your report - so make sure you write a good one!
A title should be included in your essay. The title should be centered and appear above the first line of your essay, under the header information on the first page. The title should be written in the same typeface as the body of your essay, with no quotation marks, underlining, italics, or bold. Please do not use single-spaced pages for your title; print instead.
When writing your title, keep in mind that it should catch the reader's attention but not mislead him or her as to the content of the essay. If you write a good title, others will want to read about what you have to say work papers. You should also include a subtitle in your essay title. This is a short phrase or sentence used to clarify the main idea of the essay without being redundant. For example, "The rise of hip hop music during the 1970s" could be clarified by saying "a subculture developed around rap music," or "rap music emerged as a dominant force in the culture of 1970s America." Include any relevant details in your title or subtitle to help readers understand what kind of essay they are going to read. Essay titles should be simple and direct; using complicated language or terminology may confuse readers.
As you write your essay, think about how you can improve both its clarity and accuracy. You do not need to use this paper to describe every detail of hip hop history; simply including this information in your title will suffice.
How to Format Your Title On the following double-spaced line, type your working article title in a simple 12-point typeface with centered alignment. Your title should not be italicized or bolded. Do not use quotation marks around the title, and do not end with a period.