The MLA citation style requires that writers cite a source within the text of their essay at the end of the sentence in which the source is used. The parenthetical reference should be inserted after the last quotation mark but before the period at the end of the sentence. A parenthetical reference may include a page number if there is no title for the work cited.
Citations are important in academic writing because they allow readers to check sources and build up an understanding of the information presented in the article.
In general, citations indicate that the reader is referred to another piece of writing by its author or editor. They are also required in journalism and some other genres of academic writing. In essays that explore multiple sources or ideas, it is helpful when readers can track what was found out about a topic through different channels (such as interviews with people who know the subject well). This allows them to form their own conclusions about what happened during such times as historical studies or science experiments.
In academic essays, citations are used to identify the source of information contained in the essay. These references are often called "bibliographies" and they list all the books, articles, websites, and other sources consulted by the writer while doing research for his or her essay. A bibliography is usually included at the end of the essay; therefore, readers will know where to find additional information on the subjects discussed in the paper.
If your reader is unsure where your source's notion begins, put the author of the source in your paragraph rather than a parenthetical citation. Literacy includes both reading and writing. To write clearly, simply, and correctly, one must be able to read well. Only by reading widely can one write imaginatively and effectively.
Cite the author(s), year of publication, and page number where the quotation occurs in your source, and use quotation marks to indicate where the cited text begins and finishes. To separate components within the parenthetical reference, use commas. For example, (Whitman, 1997) is written as one citation with two entries in the bibliography: Whitman, Walt (1806-1864). Leaves of Grass. New York: Charles L. Webster & Company. 12-20.
References are found in the Bibliography section of your article or book review. They should be listed in order of appearance, including the primary source and secondary sources such as books, articles, and websites. Do not include unpublished sources such as dissertations or personal papers.
In general, follow these steps when citing sources:
Find out who the author is. If the author's name isn't readily apparent from the work itself, look it up in a dictionary or encyclopedia.
If the author published more than one article, essay, or book, list each one separately in the reference. Use a comma between each reference unless the source contains multiple quotations from different people or events which require separate quotations marks for each one.
Include the date published if it's available.
The in-text reference should be in parentheses at the conclusion of the evidence and include the author's last name as well as the page number in the original source where the quotation may be accessed. Make certain that any quotes, charts, graphs, and other materials in your article are properly cited. Failure to do so will result in your article being rejected by most editors.
In-text Citation: MLA's in-text citation style employs the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived, as in: (Smith 163). Do not add a number in the parenthetical citation if the source does not utilize page numbers: (Smith).
Online Sources: An additional line of credit for college students who have access to online resources. The College Board makes many academic articles available free of charge through its Web site. You can find out more about this service at www.collegeboard.com/offers/free-resources.html.
Citations: When you are writing your paper, you must follow a specific order when citing sources. The first thing to do is identify all the sources you use on the topic, including books, magazines, newspapers, and websites. Next, write down the main ideas from each one before moving on to the next. Finally, make sure that you give each source a short description along with the citation information required by MLA format.
Here is an example of a source list for an essay on how parents can help their children succeed in school: Sally Johnson, "The Importance of Parents' Actions Today," Parenting Magazine, April 1, 2015. This article provides some helpful advice for parents who want to improve their children's chances of doing well in school.
In-text citations are usually at the conclusion of a quote, phrase, or paragraph. They provide information about where the quote, phrase, or paragraph comes from and give credit to the source. An in-text citation is used when discussing or interpreting the work of another author.
In your essay, you will sometimes need to refer to words or phrases that are not quoted. In these cases, you can use in-text citations to identify who said it, why it is important, and how it applies to the topic at hand. For example, if I were writing on the subject of prejudice, I might say something like this: "Prejudice against people because of their race is evident in many aspects of American life. One example is found in the fact that African Americans have the highest rate of incarceration among all racial groups." In this case, since I am citing statistics about black Americans and the prison system, an in-text citation would be appropriate.
It is important to note that not every reference that does not come directly from a book or article is an in-text citation. For example, if I were writing on the theme of diversity within America, some facts or ideas could not be attributed to one person alone.
A Works Cited page is required at the end of your research paper, according to MLA style. All Works Cited entries must relate to the works cited in your primary text. A work cited on a secondary source such as a book or article must be listed under that source's entry instead.
Works Cited pages are inserted into your paper after you have completed your analysis of sources and quotations and before you begin your writing process. This page is therefore placed after your abstract and before your introduction. The order in which you list your sources may vary but they must all be included on the final paper.
The purpose of the Works Cited page is to provide readers with sufficient information to evaluate the accuracy of the data presented in your paper. As well, it helps them understand how you obtained those data and what other data might be available if they want to examine those sources further.
Works Cited pages are divided into three sections: (1) an identification section that includes the author's name, year published, place of publication, and the title of the work being cited; (2) a bibliography or listing of publications used by the author during his or her study of the topic covered by the paper; and (3) a footnote section that includes any additional information about the work being cited.