8th Edition MLA Style Guide: Indirect Quote You should strive to avoid utilizing indirect sources as a general rule. If you wish to utilize a quote from another book or article, identify the original source of that quote and reference it. Failure to do so may result in your paper being rejected by academic journals or even withdrawn by the publisher.
When you quote a source that is cited and/or quoted in another source, you are using an indirect quotation. The APA refers to these as "secondary sources." You should aim to avoid utilizing secondary sources as much as possible. Sometimes they are necessary, but try to find more creative ways to get your point across.
Indirect quotations can be divided into three categories: attribution, paraphrase, and summary. In an attribution quotation, the author of the secondary source is named directly after which it is attributed (i.e., this article is based on its content). A paraphrase quotation expresses one idea while referring to another source (i.e., this article uses many examples from other sources to support its point). Finally, a summary quotation gives a brief description of the primary source's overall theme without quoting any specific words or phrases from it (i.e., this article explains what motivated the writers of The Great Gatsby to create their novel).
Indirect quotations are important for two reasons. First, they allow you to provide reference material for readers who may not be familiar with the original source. Second, they show that you have done some research on your topic, which helps establish your credibility as an expert. When citing secondary sources, it is important to use proper grammar and language style. If you fail to do so, your reader may misunderstand your meaning.
If you utilize an indirect quote, add the source in your parenthetical citation, followed by the phrases "as cited in" and the source from which you acquired it. In your reference page, you just list the source from whence you acquired it. For example: As cited in Vickers (2010).
The material from the original is used in both direct and indirect quotes; the direct quote also contains the exact words, whilst the indirect quote does not. Quotes, both direct and indirect, must be cited in the text and mentioned on the Works Cited/References page. They should also be included in any application forms or documents that require content from an academic source.
In order for someone's words to be quoted directly they must first be recorded by another writer. This could be done by typing them into a document or even just writing them down. When quoting someone's words directly, it is important to include all of the words that were said because there might be other parts of the sentence or passage that are relevant too. For example, if I were to say "It is a fact that dogs smell", you would want to include "dogs" and "smell" in your quotation because they are two separate words that have different meanings when used separately. However, if I continued "dogs smell like manure", you would only need "smell" because it is the same word as in my statement. Indirect quotations are those words that are attributed to a person but actually written by someone else. For example, if I wrote "Dogs are man's best friend", this would be an indirect quotation because I did not say these words myself. Instead, they were written by A.A. Milne.
Indirect quotes are rephrasings or summaries of another person's statements rather than precise language. It is not essential to use quote marks in this scenario. However, indirect quotes still require correct citations, and failing to do so constitutes plagiarism. When quoting words that come from a written work, such as a book or article, it is customary to include the author's name and date of publication before writing out the quoted material in full.
An example of an indirect quote would be if I were to paraphrase President John F. Kennedy's statement "Ask not what your country can do for you...," my version would be "Tell not me what my country can do for you." There was also a line from a poem that seemed appropriate here: "A rose by any other name..."
As you can see, indirect quotes are short passages that have been carefully chosen to summarize something else that has been said or done. They are usually based on phrases, sentences, or even just words that appear in the original source material. For example, the quotation at the beginning of this essay is an indirect quote because it is a summary of some comments made by Theodore Roosevelt about his presidency.
The purpose of using quotation marks is to indicate that these are not actual words but instead only represent parts of larger expressions or ideas.