Automatically cite your source in MLA or APA format. Do not cite statistics unless they are unusual, employed unconventionally, or are the emphasis of the essay. Give no formulae for common statistics (i.e., mean, t test).
Cite statistical data in your paper like any other type of information. Follow these steps: 1 Identify the statistic that is being cited 2 Find it in the reference list 3 Insert the citation into your text appropriately.
If the statistic is one that is commonly used and accepted within its field, then there is no need to cite it. If the statistic is one that is less common but important to the topic or thesis statement of your paper, then it is appropriate to cite it. Avoid using statistics as filler material or as a way to make your paper longer. Most professors will tell you that they do not like reading through long papers full of statistics because many times they have no context or understanding of what these numbers mean. They may also question how you came up with them. Therefore, only include statistics that help to advance your argument and/or support your claim.
Statistical data is supplied by governments, universities, research labs, and others. Citing these sources accurately is important for two reasons: first, so that readers know where the information comes from; second, so that the authors are credited for their work.
When you allude to, summarize, paraphrase, or reference another source, include an in-text citation. Every in-text citation in your article must be accompanied by a reference list item. The APA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the year of publication, as in: (Field, 2005)... They are also required for sources you quote directly, such as interviews or chapters in books. In these cases, the author portion of the citation should reflect the first line of the quotation. A single asterisk (*) is used to indicate a direct quotation; a double asterisk (**) is used for a short quotation.
The information above applies to works published in the United States. For publications from other countries, consult the country's specific publishing guidelines. Generally speaking, APA requires that you provide only the title and date of the work you're referencing, along with its volume number and issue number where applicable. In addition, follow this general rule: If you're quoting more than three sentences from the work, type them in quotation marks. "For example," "She read a chapter in a book about writing term papers," would be cited as follows: Field, G. W., et al. (2005). Academic writing: A guide for students and teachers (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.
In most cases, including when citing more than three sentences from a work, you should use footnotes instead of in-text citations.
The citation style varies depending on the academic discipline. APA (American Psychological Association), for example, is used in education, psychology, and the sciences. The MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in the Humanities. The Chicago/Turabian citation style is also employed. Business, history, and the great arts are all examples of styles.
Only materials referenced in your article are listed in your "Works Cited" or "References." In a "bibliography," you identify all of the resources you used to prepare your essay, whether or not you credited the work.
The most typical method of citing sources is to provide a list of "Works Cited" or "References" at the conclusion of your research work. When citing sources in MLA (Modern Language Association) format, the title of your list of citations is "Works Cited"; when citing sources in APA (American Psychological Association) format, the title is "References."
The American Psychological Association (APA) style demands two components: in-text citations throughout your project and a reference list at the conclusion.
To reference multiple sources, the APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used in the social sciences. This APA Citation Guide, revised in accordance with the APA Manual's 6th edition, specifies the basic structure for in-text citations and the reference page. It is important to note that not all journals use this format; however, many major journals require it.
Citations in the reference section of your paper should include the author's name, the date of publication, and the title of the article or book. They also should include the source's full title, an identification number for the publication, and the page numbers where the information can be found.
References are usually placed in your paper in alphabetical order by last name of the first author. If the same author has published more than one article on the topic you are writing about, then each citation must refer to a different article by this author. References should be limited to articles written by other scholars, which will help prevent plagiarism.
In addition to the above requirements, references should be concise and relevant to the paper being reviewed. Using numerous sources without giving enough information about them reduces the value of these references and makes them difficult for others to follow. Overusing or inappropriate sources may also violate university or journal policies regarding research integrity or plagiarism.
Finally, references should be free of errors.