A literature review's structure. Literature reviews, in general, are constructed similarly to ordinary essays, with an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Subheadings are frequently used inside the body. The following section discusses the organization of the various components of a literature review.
They can be used to divide the text into sections or to highlight important ideas within the article.
Subheadings can also be useful for finding specific topics inside a large collection of literature. For example, if you were writing about the effects of television on children, you might start with a general topic sentence like "Television has many negative effects on children..." and then list examples of these effects followed by short explanations of why they are negative. This would help readers find what they're interested in while still covering a wide range of subjects.
Literature reviews that use subheadings are not only informative but also easy to read. This is especially true if each subsection is limited to about three sentences.
A literature review should be formatted similarly to an essay, with an introduction, a middle or major body, and a conclusion. The introduction should: describe your issue and set the stage for examining the literature; explain your reasoning (i.e., point of view); and give a framework for reviewing the literature. The middle body should summarize the relevant research on your topic, highlighting what is known and what remains unknown about it. The conclusion should restate your main idea and provide a call to action. For example, you might state your conclusion like this: "Based on this analysis, we can conclude that employees who participate in wellness programs enjoy reduced rates of absenteeism and presenteeism, which in turn helps their employers save money."
The beginning of the literature review should include a description of the current state of knowledge regarding the topic under discussion. This description should identify what is known and what remains unknown about it. If possible, it should also highlight any controversies surrounding the topic. For example, one might begin by stating that "previous research has shown that..." or "according to some studies, people prefer..." or "other researchers believe..." The purpose of this initial section is to outline exactly how and why previous researchers have come to such different conclusions about the same topic. By doing so, the paper will be more informative to others who may be interested in reading about it later.
Next, the literature review should examine the existing research on the topic from different points of view.
A literature review's structure
The literature review is often written in the shape of a regular essay, with three parts: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. It is not a list like an annotated bibliography, where each source's summary is listed one by one. Instead, the literature review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the topic covered in the paper.
An effective literature review will answer these questions: What are the major studies on this topic? What are the new findings from these studies that can be applied to my context? Where might I find more information on this topic?
The beginning of the literature review should include a clear explanation of the issue being studied. This opening section may be as short as one page, but it must contain enough information for the reader to understand the need for a study of this kind. Important topics to cover in this opening section include: a brief history of the problem (if available), any previous studies on similar issues, a detailed description of the current situation, and a statement of the main question or issue that the study will address.
After the problem statement, the literature review should start with a general search for relevant studies. The goal here is to identify all studies on the subject, not just those published in reputable journals. Therefore, it is important to look at articles in academic databases such as MEDLINE and EMBASE as well as online research repositories such as Google Scholar.
Literature reviews, like other academic papers, must include at least three fundamental elements: an introduction or background information part; the body of the review with a discussion of sources; and, lastly, a conclusion and/or suggestions section to conclude the study. In addition, scholarly literature reviews often include a list of relevant studies ignored by the author during their research process.
In summary, a literature review is a methodical examination of the existing scientific evidence on a topic, conducted as a systematic process to identify and select articles for inclusion in the analysis. The goal is to find all relevant studies on the topic under consideration. Then, using specific criteria, these articles are selected for inclusion in the review. Finally, the included articles are analyzed in order to extract data that will be used to draw conclusions about the topic under review.
As you can see, a literature review involves many different steps. It is not a simple task and requires good writing skills as well as proper methodology. However, it is a necessary component in any strong paper or report because it allows the reader to understand what has been found out so far about the topic under investigation.