The title Saoi has a current equivalent in the nation. Other nations with a national poet laureate include New Zealand, North Korea, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Iran, and others.
The post of poet laureate is an important one, and its holder is usually given significant financial resources and other benefits by their government. The role of poet laureate is to represent poetry in society and the world. They often take on this role at a time when their country needs it most, such as during war or peace rallies. They may also be called upon to write poems on special occasions like state visits or royal weddings.
Some countries have more than one poet laureate. There are currently 13 poets worldwide who are designated as "sao" (meaning elder) which is the highest rank a poet can receive within the system. Of these, three are from India, two each from Ireland and Canada, and one each from Australia, Belgium, Egypt, Israel, Japan, South Africa, and the United States.
Besides being honored with titles, poets are often given gifts such as books or money by their governments.
|Cambodia||Preah Botumthera Som, Krom Ngoy, Chuon Nath|
|India||Valmiki, Jhaverchand Meghani, Vedavyasa, Kalidasa, Tulsidas, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Rabindranath Tagore, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Subramanya Bharathi, Kuvempu, M. Govinda Pai, G.S. Shivarudrappa, Pradeep, Sohan Lal Dwivedi|
The national poet as cultural hero is a long-standing emblem, distinct from successive poet-laureates chosen by the bureaucracy. It was first used to describe Robert Burns, who was selected in 1786 by a parliamentary committee.
Burns had many characteristics that made him appealing as a national poet. He was instrumental in bringing about Scotland's independence from England. He also wrote poems that spoke to all classes of society, including slaves and farmers, which was unusual for the time. His work has been so influential that it still shapes how people think about Scotland today.
In addition to being celebrated on his birthday (1759), February 25, there is an annual public holiday in Scotland called Poetry Day. On this day schools give their students free time to learn more about Burns' life and work.
He has always been especially popular in Scotland, but many countries have also claimed him as theirs. Canada named a provincial city after him, while another town in Scotland is also called Burnswillie.
Burns has always been one of the most famous poets in Britain and around the world.
A national poet, sometimes known as a national bard, is a poet who is widely regarded as representing the identity, values, and ideals of a certain national culture. The role is generally considered to be equivalent to that of a national hero.
Some national poets have been celebrated in poems, songs, plays, or other forms of art for their contributions to their respective countries' cultures. Others have not been awarded such attention but are still regarded as important figures in their nations' histories. Some national poets have also become famous after writing poems or other works which have come to symbolize their countries.
Often, a nation will have more than one national poet because they represent different aspects of culture or history. For example, England has been called the home of William Shakespeare and John Milton; while France is associated with Pierre Corneille and Jean-Pierre Jeunet.
Generally, nations choose their own national poets by what body of work they produce rather than who writes the best verse. For example, Sweden chooses its poets based on how much they contribute to society through poetry, music, or other arts. Other countries may prefer someone who is well-known for writing poems about their country.
Massachusetts has never had an official State Poet Laureate. While Idaho does not have a "poet laureate," the state does designate a "Writer in Residence," who might be a novelist or poet. Diane Raptosh, a novelist and short-story writer, now holds the position of Idahoan. She was selected by the Governor and Council.
Laureates are often artists who are also educators or administrators. They often receive a salary and travel expenses from their home state or country. The post is usually granted for some specific purpose, such as promoting poetry or literature in general or a particular genre. Some states have more than one poet laureate at a time. Others have none at all. Still others may have a poet laureate but no formal position beyond that of executive director or chairwoman of a committee.
In 2007, Colorado created a new office called the State Poet to replace the former position of poet laureate. The State Poet is expected to develop programs that promote literacy and support poets throughout the state. He or she will also serve as an ambassador for Colorado writing across the nation and worldwide.
The title of State Poet is sometimes given to writers who have been recognized for their contributions to poetry or literary arts in general but cannot be considered full-time professionals. For example, a State Poet could be an elderly person who lives on a retirement community campus, a college student, or someone who writes as a hobby.
There is no specific job description for the Poet Laureateship. Previously, the Laureate was supposed to write poetry for royal ceremonies and national celebrations, and while this is no longer a formal necessity, poet laureates frequently do so. The position has no official duration and can be held at once. It is usually given to someone who has made an outstanding contribution to English literature over a long career.
The first poet laureate was John Milton, who served from 1661 to 1674 during the reign of Charles II. He was chosen by Charles I who had been appointed Prince Regent when he was younger than 30 years old. Charles wanted someone who could celebrate his victories over Parliament and France and also show mercy to those who had fought against him. Milton's fame as a writer of epic poems made him the obvious choice and he accepted the post only if it were made permanent. However, after two years, he felt that he was not contributing sufficiently to government business and resigned. His resignation was not voluntary and he was paid until then. After this incident, there was no more poet laureate for almost 100 years because they thought it was too costly to keep appointing poets for such a short time period.
In 1770, George III gave the post of poet laureate to honor William Collins who had died the previous year. Thomas Gray was the next poet laureate when he died in 1855.