The use of quotation marks and surrounding punctuation Even if they aren't part of the original quotation, commas and periods that are part of the overall phrase belong within the quotation marks. All markings other than commas and periods are inserted outside the quote marks unless they are part of the original quotation. For example: "I like apples," she said.
You understand how to use quote marks. Even if they aren't part of the item being quoted, periods and commas go inside quotation marks. Unless they are part of the item being quoted, all additional punctuation marks should be placed outside the quotation marks. This is because periods, commas, and colons are used as sentence separators. As well, quotes within quotes act as punctuation.
Semicolons are different. They are used to separate parts of a sentence or clause. So if you want to include multiple sentences in a single paragraph, you would use semicolons instead of periods or quotes.
Exclamation points are used at the end of sentences to indicate emotion. As such, they should always be used outside of quotations. Similarly, question marks are used to introduce questions that need answers, so they should also be used outside of quotations.
Colons are used to introduce excerpts, definitions, citations, and lists. As long as they are not part of the item being introduced, colonized people have been known to use them freely in place of periods or quotes. However, since they are used to join two ideas together, they should never be used alone without another mark or word for separation- especially not after a sentence!
Finally, parentheses are used to define terms or repeat phrases within words.
Within the closing quote marks, commas and periods are always placed. Unless they are part of a direct quotation, semicolons and colons should always be put outside the closing quotation marks.
Periods and commas are generally used inside quote marks in American usage. When citing someone's precise words, use open quotation marks to begin the quote and close it with a period or comma and closing quotation marks. These symbols indicate that what follows is a direct excerpt from the source text.
When quoting an author's work as a whole, use open quotation marks for each chapter or section cited. Close the quotation with a period or comma and reopen with new opening quotes. This shows that what follows is a summary rather than a direct quote.
A colon is used instead of periods or commas when the quote is part of a series of questions. For example: "Are apples red? Yes, they are: Is sugar sweet? Yes, it is."
Closing single quotations marks alone without preceding text indicates that you're quoting a person speaking directly into the camera. If there's more than one speaker, separate each speaker with a semicolon. For example: "Hello; how are you?" "I'm fine, thanks."
Applying punctuation within actual quoted material ensures that readers understand exactly where the quote ends and the commentary begins. Punctuation is important even within phrases because groups of words have different meanings depending on the order in which they are said.
The period should be placed between the quote marks. A question mark or an exclamation point would be the only end punctuation that would go outside the quotation marks (unless it was part of the quoted material). However, some publications may choose to use these symbols within quotations for various reasons.
In general, periods and commas are used within quotations to indicate words spoken by someone else or included from a source such as a book or article. These internal quotes can be used to highlight a particular word or phrase without altering the meaning of the sentence overall. For example, if you were writing about the dangers of alcohol and wanted to include the word irresponsible when describing drinkers' behavior, you could insert a quote sign ("""") around the word and then use a comma instead of a period because commas are used to separate quoted phrases or words.
Internal quotes are also useful if you want to use a term that has multiple definitions. An editor might suggest changing this to include only one group at a time to avoid confusion between the two terms. You could respond by saying that you were not sure which definition of mammal to use so wanted to be inclusive and include both kinds of animals.
Commas, periods, exclamation points, and question marks should be put inside quote marks; all other punctuation symbols should be placed outside quotation marks. When offering direct quotations of fewer than forty words, use double quotation marks (for quotes of more than forty words, use block quotations).
When you refer to a person's name in an essay or paper, you need to include the person's title. This is true whether the person's title is Mr. , Mrs. , or Professor. You do not write "Mr. Smith" or "Professor Jones," but rather "Mr. Smith" or "Professor Jones." Using titles for people correctly shows respect for them and their work.
Titles can be used when referring to people directly within the text, such as when discussing someone who has influenced your work or life. However, when writing about groups or organizations that have more than one member, avoid using titles. For example, instead of writing "The president visited Mexico," write "President Wilson visited Mexico." Titles are also used when quoting others from publications, such as newspapers or magazines. These quotes must also be referenced, so they can be included in your bibliography or works cited page.
Using titles in essays refers to including them when referencing sources, such as books or articles.
"By convention, commas and periods that directly follow quotes belong within the closing quotation marks," according to the MLA Handbook (267). Commas used to separate words or phrases within quotations are also acceptable under this format.
Other punctuation symbols and quotation marks In the United States, commas and periods usually belong within quote marks, but colons, semicolons, and dashes go outside: "There was a storm yesterday night," Paul stated. "It blew down some trees in our yard."
Parentheses are used to enclose quoted material or explanations of anything not directly related to the topic at hand. (This includes stories told by grandparents about their childhoods.) Parentheses start with an open bracket "(") and end with a close bracket ("). Within parentheses, other punctuation is allowed.
Quotes start with a single quote mark and end with a single one. Within quotes, other punctuation is allowed except for periods and commas.
A single word or phrase that is quoted is called a syllable. Within quotes, each syllable takes up one unit length of text. So "red", "green", and "blue" are three separate words, but "rude", "kind", and "sweet" are all one word.
Within quotes, most letters take up one unit length; only the letter o takes up two units when used as a single word, so "no" and "too" are two separate words, but "dog" and "zoopies" are one long word.