Quotes in the Open Capitalize the initial letter of a direct quote when it is a complete sentence. If a direct quotation is stopped in the middle of a phrase, the second half of the citation should not be capitalized. For example, "The president said, 'I don't know why that guy down the hall doesn't get more respect.'"
Indirect quotes are not capitalized because they are not complete sentences. They may consist of a single word or short phrase. Examples include references to people (e.g., "John said..."), places (e.g., "It is believed that..."), and things (e.g., "It is known that..."). Indirect quotes can also be called unattributed quotations.
In general usage, capitalization is not required for words inside quotes, unless they are part of a name (i.e., John's words). However, if you are writing a formal document or article, then including proper nouns and other important words inside quotes makes your work more credible and authoritative. Such words include company names, product names, geographical locations, historical figures, and others. You should only use capital letters when necessary for clarity rather than as a rule. For example, "Moses led his people out of Egypt," not "Moses' People Outed Themselves From Egypt."
When employing quote marks, certain capitalization and punctuation requirements apply. With the first word of a complete phrase or a direct quotation, use a capital letter. Otherwise, lowercase it.
For example: "John said 'this is my book'." Here, "this is my book" is a complete sentence so it should be capitalized. But if we were to break this up into two words, it would be lowercased because there's no complete thought within the quotation mark sequence itself.
This is known as "breaking down a quotation." There are three ways to handle quotations in writing: break them down into words, phrases, or sentences; include them intact; or use double quotes. It's important to understand how quotations are treated in writing before you start typing.
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To signify the end of a statement, use capitalization. You may terminate the quotation with punctuation that would typically require the next word to be capitalized, such as an exclamation point or a question mark. However, until the phrase is actually finished, use a lowercase letter after this punctuation.
For example: "Isn't she beautiful!" (The girl is beautiful.) "I love your book! (the book is interesting.)" (The books are interesting.) "We're going to need more band-aids!" (Bandages are needed.)"
After all, a sentence ends with an exclamation mark only when it is a complete thought. Until then, it's just a fragment of speech.
Let's imagine I have a statement that goes on for a while, and then in the middle, I insert a quotation that says something like "We were exhausted and irritated, but we persevered," and then I continue with the rest of my sentence. Should the quote in the middle of the phrase be capitalized? Most style guides say no, but some writers do it anyway. It all depends on how much the quotation adds to the meaning of the phrase.
In this case, since the quotation introduces an important idea that helps explain the state of exhaustion and irritation of the people involved, it makes sense to include it even though it isn't part of the original sentence.
However, if the quotation simply states a fact about the situation without adding anything significant, most writers would leave it out.
In conclusion, there is no right or wrong here; it just depends on how much importance you want to give the idea introduced by the quotation.
"The semester is nearly half done," the teacher observed. A capital letter should not be used with the initial word of a direct quotation that is merely part of a sentence.
Capitalize the first word in a direct quote sentence. When quoting, the first word of a complete sentence, regardless of its placement within the main phrase, should be capitalized. Matthew exclaimed. "Stroll" is not capitalized when used as an adjective or noun.
Dumb rule 6: The second part of a quote in a sentence with an interrupted quotation does not begin with a capital letter. When inserting a speaker tag in the middle of a dialogue, be careful not to generate a run-on sentence: "You have to be careful while moving a piano," squeaked Al. "I may have been murdered." "Oh, no!" said Alice.
Changes to a quote are not explained. To match the context of the phrase in which the quotation appears, the initial letter of the first word in a quotation may be modified to an uppercase or lowercase letter. Change single quote marks to double quotation marks and vice versa. Also, when changing between single and double quotation marks, modify both sets of quotes.