The Nobel Prize in Literature was presented to Thomas Stearns Eliot in 1948 "for his exceptional, pioneering contribution to modern poetry." When he died in 1965, he was the last of the five people who had won the prize since it was created in 1901.
Before he became famous as a poet, Thomas Stearns Eliot worked for The Times newspaper as an information officer and as an editor on the British Empire section. He used his knowledge of the English language to write essays and poems, and in 1917 he published his first collection of poems, titled East Coker. This book is considered by many critics to be one of the founding documents of modernism in literature.
In 1920, Eliot moved to London where he became associated with the circle of writers and artists that included Ezra Pound, James Joyce, and D. H. Lawrence. Together, these men formed what is now called the early modernist movement. They were all interested in experimenting with different forms of writing, so some works by Eliot were inspired by classical texts while others used popular songs or prose writings as models. In 1928, he published another important collection of poems, this time including poems written before he went to London, such as "Preludes" (written in 1919).
Thomas Stearns Eliot OM (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965) was an American poet, writer, publisher, dramatist, literary critic, and editor. He is best known for his role as the poet of The Waste Land and other poems collected in that collection. In addition, he is regarded as one of the leading poets of the modernist movement.
He was born into a wealthy New York City family, and was educated at Harvard University. After graduating in 1910, he spent some time traveling abroad before returning to New York City, where he worked as a banker and investment manager. In 1925, he succeeded Ezra Pound as poetry editor of Poetry magazine, a post he held until his death.
Eliot published more than 30 books of poetry, drama, fiction, and criticism. His work focused on topics such as civilization, religion, exile, and mortality. His poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" is considered a founding work of modernism. T. S. Eliot received many awards and honors for his work, including the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. He has been called "one of the two most important poets of the 20th century".
Thomas Stearns, T.S. Eliot was born on 4 April 1888 in St Louis, Missouri. His father was John Eliot, a stockbroker who died when Thomas was only nine years old. He was educated at St Paul's School in London and then entered Harvard University, where he studied English literature for three years before abandoning his degree to travel abroad.
He spent most of his time between the ages of 20 and 27 in Europe, first visiting many of the major museums and galleries there and then settling in Paris where he worked as an editor at the Catholic journal, The Month. It was here that he came into contact with many of the leading writers and artists of the time, including Ezra Pound, James Joyce, and Pablo Picasso. In 1919, Eliot returned to England where he worked as literary editor of Faber & Gwyer until he established his own publishing company, Faber & Faber, in 1923. He also started writing poems which were eventually published in books such as Poems (1921), Prufrock and Other Observations (1917), and The Waste Land (1922). In 1925, he married Vivien Haigh-Wood; they had one son together. Vivien died in 1952.
Eliot considered Four Quartets to be his best, and it was this work that earned him the Nobel Prize in Literature. It is made up of four long poems, each of which was initially published separately: "Burnt Norton" (1936), "East Coker" (1940), "The Dry Salvages" (1941), and "Little Gidding" (1942). (1942). The title of each poem is a place name and the first line of each poem begins with the words "April is the cruelest month.".
Eliot was interested in exploring what he called "the impossibility of communication between human beings," and he used poetry as a means to do so. He believed that poetry could strike at the heart of human experience because everyone has a relationship with death, and thus poetry can reach across time to connect people together.
Eliot also wanted to use literature to express political ideas. He was worried by the growing power of big business and felt that only through collective action could humanity hope to avoid disaster. So he wrote about social injustice, war, religion, and love in his works, always trying to find new ways of expressing these things through poetry.
Eliot was a major influence on later poets including T. S. Eliot, John Donne, Robert Frost, and William Butler Yeats. His experimental style was important in helping to create the modernist movement in art and literature.
T. S. Eliot is an American-British national.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, in full Thomas Stearns Eliot (born September 26, 1888, St. Louis, Missouri, United States—died January 4, 1965, London, England), American-English poet, playwright, literary critic, and editor, a leader of the Modernist movement in poetry with works such as The Waste Land (1922) and Four Quartets (1925). (1943).
Thomas Stearns Eliot, in full Thomas Stearns Eliot (born September 26, 1888, St. Louis, Missouri, United States—died January 4, 1965, London, England), American-English poet, playwright, literary critic, and editor, a leader of the Modernist movement in poetry with works such as The Waste Land (1922) and Four Quartets (1925). (1943). His collected poems is titled Selected Poems.
He was born into a wealthy family and was educated at Harvard University and Oxford University. After graduating from college, he traveled extensively in Europe, where he became acquainted with leading figures of the time including Ezra Pound, James Joyce, and Vladimir Lenin. Upon his return to the United States in 1916, he joined the army air force as a pilot but was discharged after eight months because of poor eyesight. He then worked for the publishing house of Faber & Gwyer as an editor until it went out of business during World War I. In 1919, Eliot married Vivien Haigh-Wood, a widow with two children; they had one son together.
During this period, he began writing poems that would later form part of his collection The Waste Land, which was published in 1922. This work attracted critical attention and several poets took inspiration from it, among them John Berryman, Charles Olson, and Robert Duncan. In addition, many musicians used the poem's words as lyrics for songs.