Entries in the reference list should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. List the items in chronological order, from earliest to most recent, for several articles by the same author or writers listed in the same order. Include volume number if available.
For example: Ford, Kenneth R., and Yuval Noah Harari. 2000. "Historical Perspectives on Money." In The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, v. 3, edited by John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, and Peter Newman. London: Macmillan Press; New York: St. Martin's Press.
The entry would look like this: Ford, Kenneth R. 2000. "Money: History of Theory."
References can also be found in books and journals. These references are usually cited within the body of the text using the same method as for academic papers. For example: Ford, Kenneth R. 2000.
References must be listed alphabetically by the first author's name and must not be numbered. References with the same initial author are arranged alphabetically: I Papers with a single author are listed first in chronological sequence, starting with the oldest paper. Multiauthor papers are listed in the order they were published.
References should be written in English or another language you understand. If you cannot read English, you will need to have your references checked by someone who can. Often researchers will use a library staff member or student to do this work for them.
References should be included in a separate file called "Bibliography" or "References". These files can be uploaded as supplementary material when submitting your thesis or dissertation. There is a limit of 10MB per document. If your reference file exceeds this limit it will not be accepted.
The number of references should be proportional to the length of the paper. It is acceptable to include articles that are older than five years if they are relevant to the topic under discussion. Older papers that are no longer relevant should be excluded.
References should be concisely written with no more than 250 words used to identify each source.
References should be included in the end of your paper, preceded by the word "References", followed by the abbreviation "pp." (for pages).
Arranging the Order of References Simply alphabetize the entries letter by letter. More specifically, reference list entries are arranged using the author's last name first, followed by their first name initials. Often, you will find the names of the same researchers and writers, as they specialize in specific fields. So, for example, you might see the names Watson et al., Watson John et al., and Washington John et al. all appearing in a single reference list.
If there is more than one writer with the same first name, place each one's work in separate references with a different surname. For example, if Robert James Wilson wrote three articles on evolutionary biology, each reference would include only one of these authors--even if they had different surnames. In this case, you would refer to them as "Wilson R J", "Wilson R B", and "Wilson J H".
If there are multiple writers with the same surname but different first names, place their work in separate references with different first names. For example, if Robert James Wilson published three articles on evolutionary biology, each reference would include only one of these authors--even if they had the same first name. In this case, you would refer to them as "Wilson R J", "Wilson R B", and "Washington John".
All works listed on the reference page should be listed alphabetically, beginning with the first word of the reference item. This is usually the author's surname. However, a reference entry may begin with a different element at times. It may appear that creating an alphabetized reference page or bibliography is an easy operation. However, it can be difficult to determine exactly how to list entries that contain more than one work by the same author, such as essays by Thomas Hardy or novels by Jane Austen.
The easiest way to create an alphabetized reference page is to start with a blank document and enter each reference item in order, using the table of contents (or related navigation tool) to get a feel for how long each entry should be. When you reach an entry that contains more than one work by the same author, make sure to distinguish between them by adding a period at the end of the short title. This will help the reader know which is which if they are looking through the bibliography for someone else's work.
References should always be published with their original context. This means that any internal notes, quotations, and so on should be included as well. If these additional elements are not present, the reference will look out of place when used within the text of another article or book. They will also likely confuse the reader when searching through the reference section for relevant information.
References should also be listed in the order in which they are referred to within the text.
Last Name (Surname) of Author-APA Citation Order When it comes to placing the APA reference list in alphabetical order, the author's surname is the first place to search. The surname of the author comes first, followed by their initials. If the author has more than one name, each should be placed in its own reference list entry.
If there are multiple authors with the same last name, you can use the following rules to determine which reference list entry goes with which article:
If the article focuses on research performed by more than one author, each author's work should have its own reference list entry. This ensures that other scholars do not confuse information from different sources when using these references in their own work.
If only one author has written an entire book about their research, that single entry would cover both the book and the articles published in other journals or magazines.
In general, the first entry in the reference list should correspond to the first mention of the author's work. However, if two or more items refer to the same author but from different publications, then those items could all go into any number of reference list entries depending on how many names they contain. For example, an author could have one entry in the reference list for a book they wrote about their research, plus another entry for each article they wrote about that research.