1. The exiles of the three speakers in The Exeter Book poems are similar in that each reflects on how their lives have turned out. In The Seafarer, a man decides to live at sea and faces loneliness and harsh weather. In Peredur, a prince decides to live like a commoner and faces betrayal by his friend. In The Dream of Rhonabwy, a poet dreams he is exiled with others and faces despair when they find no one will join them.
2. All the exiles in the poems want to return home, but none can until Arthur becomes king. Even then, they cannot go home peacefully because all would be rejected by their families. Only the speaker in The Dream of Rhonabwy is happy in exile; he does not long for home but for poetry and music which exist only in dreamland.
3. It seems the poets' exiles were not too terrible since none of them seems to have been unhappy in them. The Dream of Rhonabwy's speaker is the only one who is satisfied with his life in exile, which probably means it was not so bad after all!
The Seafarer is an Old English poetry that tells the story of a man who is alone on the sea. It has been described as an elegy, a literary form typically given to a specific set of Old English poems that dwell on spiritual and earthly sadness. Like other Old English poems, it contains many lines of three stanzas with the rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GGHH.
Seafarers were itinerant workers who traveled by boat to different parts of Europe and Asia. They were often young men looking for work, but there are also stories about married couples traveling together or people who were retired. The number of ships in European ports declined after the 11th century because of new technologies such as the steam engine and shipping lanes that prevented sailors from sailing around the coast (known as the "last leg"). What's more, because of the danger involved in this kind of job, fewer and fewer people were willing to become seafarers.
Until recently, scholars believed that the Seafarer was written by only one person, but recent research has shown that some poems within the collection may have been written by more than one person. Still, it's impossible to say for certain how many authors might have been involved since many early medieval poems were probably composed by multiple writers.
The oldest surviving copy of the Seafarer dates back to 1407 and is held by the British Library.
How does the lengthy metaphor in Julia Alvarez's poetry "Exile" impact the poem's theme? It highlights the speaker's rage at people who abandoned the land. It stresses the speaker's family's relocation. It fosters the idea that swimming in unknown waters is risky. And it shows that losing one's home is worse than dying.
The meter of this poem is iambic pentameter. This means that each line contains five pairs of metered syllables: an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one. Thus, overall, the poem is written in anapest rhythm. Anapest rhythms are common in love poems and songs.
The syntax is simple present tense. This means that the language is not past or future tense but instead focuses on what is happening now. The writer uses this style when they want to show a story as it unfolds.
There is no narrative voice in this poem. This means that the speaker is not a character in the poem and cannot talk or think like one. Instead, the language is formal and used for aesthetic purposes only.
Alvarez uses alliteration to highlight important words in the poem. For example, she starts many lines with the word "fire". This helps readers remember the message of the poem because these words are familiar objects that can help explain something about the subject.
The heroic and elegiac traditions were the two most prominent in Anglo-Saxon poetry. A nice example of an elegiac poetry is "The Seafarer." This poem is about a fisherman who loses his wife. He goes to sea in search of peace, but does not find it. The last line of the poem is "No rest for the weary." Elegies usually end with this kind of statement.
Heroic poems, on the other hand, celebrate great men such as kings or warriors. One example of a heroic poem is "The Battle of Brunanburh" by King Alfred of England. This is one of the oldest surviving English poems. It is written in Old English and deals with the victory of King Athelstan over the Danes at Brunanburh in 937. The poem is composed in stanzas of three lines, with the exception of the last line of each stanza which has four lines.
These are just two examples of how Anglo-Saxon poets wrote their works. There are many more genres including acrostics, distichs, tercets, quatrains, and octaves.
Anglo-Saxons loved writing poetry. Some scholars believe that they even had contests to see who could write the best poem.
Parthsarathy, the poet, has done the same in the past, and he sees the futility of the entire endeavor. He felt as if he were in exile in a distant land. The term "exile" connotes estrangement from both his original land and oneself. His whole existence is analogous to that of a tree. Trees grow in the soil and derive their nutrients from it, yet they are still separate entities. They don't mix with the soil; instead, they have roots that reach down into it for water and nutrients. Similarly, Parthasarathy is separated from his original land (India) but at the same time he is aware that he needs to connect with it for survival.
Trees in exile usually die after a few years because they cannot survive without connecting with their origin country. Likewise, Parthasarathy dies after a few months because he cannot live without India. However, even though he is in exile, he is not lost to humanity. On the contrary, he becomes an immortal soul and will continue to exist even after death. This shows us that even though we are apart from our loved ones, we are never really alone.
Also, trees in exile often produce fruit before they die. Similarly, Parthasarathy produces poems before he dies. Even though he is in exile, he is not cut off from life. Instead, he lives each day to its fullest and prepares himself for future lives by writing many poems.