Hieroglyphics in ancient Egypt may be written both vertically and horizontally. It is written vertically from top to bottom. When written horizontally, it might be from left to right or from right to left.
In conclusion, hieroglyphics are written vertically from top to bottom and horizontally from left to right.
Scribes often wrote hieroglyphics in columns from right to left. Writing was mostly on columns on temple walls and papyrus, which you read down (see the example here). However, other languages, such as Arabic and Hebrew, as well as Egyptian, are written from right to left. However, it is also possible to read from left to right! Hebrew is usually read from left to right, but some Jews read it backwards, so it's not completely unique.
In English, we usually write from left to right, but this is not a hard-and-fast rule. Some words are reversed in order compared with their appearance in writing: think and white are reversed, but root and mood are not.
Many languages have a strict rule about how to write text, but English does not. There are several reasons why reading Egyptian text would be difficult for modern readers. First of all, most texts that were written down during Egypt's ancient history are in an archaic form of the language called "demotic". Only a small percentage of Egyptians can read demotic because it is used as informal writing by people who come from a lower social class than those who can read classical Egyptian.
Secondly, many letters of the alphabet were changed over time. This is true not only of demotic but also of classical Egyptian.
Hieroglyphs are written in rows or columns and may be read either from left to right or right to left. The person or animal representations always face the beginning of the line, indicating the direction in which the text should be read. In addition, the top symbols are read first, followed by the lower ones. There are several methods for reading hieroglyphics. They can be studied individually, or they may be combined with other techniques to allow the reader to make sense of the text.
Ancient Egyptian writings were made up of lines of hieroglyphs. Each letter, word, or symbol that makes up the language has a specific meaning. When taken together, these symbols formed pictures that could be understood by those who knew how to read them. Since Egypt is a long way from most places, transportation was not easy and so writing was needed to keep track of business deals, official documents, and even recipes. Although there are many theories about what Ancient Egyptians might have looked like, we know that they lived around 3,500 years ago and were part of the Nile River culture. They had blond hair and blue eyes and usually wore clothes made of linen and leather.
In order to read hieroglyphics, one must understand the relationship between the shapes of the letters and the images they represent.
For example, a man with his hand raised as if to strike is directed left and down, meaning that someone on the right side of him is his enemy.
In modern usage, the term "hieroglyphic writing" usually refers to ancient Egyptian writing, but this term can also be used for other types of writing where the initial character is important for understanding the text. Examples include Chinese characters and Mayan glyphs. Hieroglyphics are unique in that no two characters look alike and no word is spelled identically even when derived from a common root.
Modern scholars believe that the earliest examples of hieroglyphics date back about 5500 years ago. At first, only a few symbols were used, but over time they were combined to form words and then sentences. By the end of the Old Kingdom (about 2650 B.C.), hundreds of symbols had been invented to represent ideas and objects from all parts of life: animals, plants, tools, weapons, buildings, and so on.