America is written in sonnet form by Claude McKay, with 14 lines and an ABABABABABABCC rhyme pattern. According to the sonnet pattern, the poet is divided into three quatrains and a concluding rhyming couplet. The poem features a volta on the eighth line, with a subtle change in direction showing in the stanza. Overall, America is a patriotic poem that celebrates the freedom and greatness of his country.
It was published in 1919 in Paris by Henry Holt & Company as part of an anthology titled Poems by American Negroes. The book was edited by Jean Toomer who also wrote the preface for America. It was later reprinted in 1970 with another edition following in 1991 by Black Classic Press in Baltimore, Maryland. America has been interpreted by several critics including John Hulbert, Charles H. Nichols, and Eric Sundquist. They have all discussed its relation to black nationalism and visual art.
Sonnets were popular in Renaissance England and again in early modern Italy. They are now known around the world because of Shakespeare's plays and poems. In France, they are called "sonnets after Petrarch." Indeed, like many other poets at the time, such as Coleridge, Shelley, and Byron, Shakespeare used this form as a basis for his own work.
Claude McKay was a black American poet who became famous during the Harlem Renaissance.
In "America," he used specialized tactics such as a sonnet form. Furthermore, McKay's most effective literary approach is his use of metaphors. They not only enhance the beauty of the poem but also help it reach a wider audience by making it easier for readers to understand.
This poem is filled with metaphors that help it communicate with more people. For example, in line 4 he compares the United States to a beautiful woman by saying she is "strong and great." Then in line 6 he says she is "kind" because she wants to give her children freedom. This kind gesture would be difficult for some countries to do so we can see how powerful and unique our country is through this poem.
Another metaphor used in this poem is the one in line 10 where he says America is a "land of hope" which means there are opportunities for anyone who wants to go out and get ahead in life.
Finally, this poem uses metonymy, or using part for the whole, to describe America. In this case, he uses cities instead of people to do so. He says Americans are "born not made" which means everyone was created equal no matter what city you came from or what race you were.
The rhyme system and eight-to-six line style distinguish The World Is Too Much With Us as a Petrarchan sonnet. This type of poem was popular among Renaissance poets who sought to emulate the Italian love poet Petrarch. They did so by writing about a love that was unrequited, which in this case is true because the lady in question lived in Italy while her lover was a British soldier stationed in Germany.
Petrarchan poems are divided into two parts: an opening part describing the absent person/people and a closing part expressing regret at not being able to meet them. In this case, the missing person is referred to as "she" throughout the poem, but since she lives in another country, it makes sense that the speaker would use "he" instead.
He wishes he could have met with her, but since they are separated by time and distance, perhaps it's best that they remain apart. He asks that whatever fate has in store for her, she be safe and live a good life. Then he closes the poem by repeating her name three times to show how much he misses her.
Furthermore, Claude McKay's "America" has personification and symbolism. This poem is about America and how she profoundly inspired the speaker. McKay refers to the United States of America as a "woman" throughout the poem. Personification is the process of imbuing an inanimate landmass with human-like traits. Thus, America can be said to have "personified" the continent.
In addition, there is symbolism in the poem America. The first thing that anyone should notice when reading this poem is its use of imagery. Throughout the poem, McKay uses images to make his point. For example, he uses words such as "gleam" and "spark" to describe the lights at night on the ocean. These words show that the lights are very bright and they also convey the idea that they come from far away cities so that there would be no city limits on who could afford them.
There are also metaphors used in the poem. A metaphor is when one thing is used to stand for another thing. In this case, the speaker uses America to stand for everything good and beautiful about life in the United States. Therefore, America can be said to be a metaphor for freedom and justice.
Finally, there are allusions used in the poem. An allusion is when one thing mentions or takes inspiration from another thing that comes from further up in the past.
The Sonnet and Wordsworth The rhyme system and eight-to-six line style distinguish The World Is Too Much With Us as a Petrarchan sonnet. Although the form was not new at the time, it became popular during the 17th century in Italy. The sonnet has three parts: an opening quatrain, a middle section called the sestet, and a closing quatrain.
Petrarch (1304–1374) was an Italian poet who pioneered the sonnet sequence. His work influenced many later poets, including Shakespeare.
Shakespeare used several forms of poetry while writing his plays. He often combined different genres—for example, a comedy scene might include argument, romance, and tragedy all mixed together. A good example is found in King Henry IV part 1 where Prince Hal debates whether or not to marry Princess Catherine. During this debate, they discuss love, marriage, life, and death. This mix of topics makes King Henry IV part 1 a comic drama.
Another genre that Shakespeare used frequently was the elegy. These poems were usually written by women, but men also wrote them. They mourned dead friends, relatives, and heroes. Often, these poems would compare the loved one with another person or thing that he or she resembled.
"The United States is, in essence, the greatest poetry." Whitman's argument arose from a view that the strength of both poetry and democracy stems from their ability to create a cohesive whole out of divergent parts—a thought that is especially important at a time when America feels brutally divided.
Whitman also believed that America's unique destiny was to lead the world toward greater freedom and justice. He wrote: "America is great because she is good, and if America ever ceases to be good, she will cease to be great."
Finally, Whitman claimed that American life was like a poem because it had many different voices and perspectives which, when mixed together, made it stronger. He wrote: "A poem is an expression of one single soul speaking to other souls."
Whitman used poetry as a tool for understanding humanity, but he did not consider himself a poet. He called himself a "drunken sailor" who wrote poems on the side.
In conclusion, Whitman viewed America as a work in progress with a special mission to spread liberty and goodness around the world.