Factual texts just strive to inform, but literary texts use imaginative language and images to entertain or otherwise interest the reader. There are numerous facets to literary writing and various methods to analyze them, but there are four main categories: descriptive, narrative, expository, and argumentative. Descriptive writings include essays, reviews, and interviews. Narrative poems and stories are also included in this category. Expository works provide information about a topic using facts and examples. Argumentative writings discuss opposing views on issues within their scope. Finally, poetry can be classified as either descriptive or narrative depending on how much interpretation you put into it when reading it.
Texts that do not fit into any of these categories may be fictional narratives intended only for entertainment (e.g., comic books, movies, novels), or they may be factual reports written for scientific purposes (e.g., news articles). Factual texts can be further divided into two groups: primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources are documents written by participants in events being reported on; they are usually published soon after the event occurs. Secondary sources are articles based on primary sources; they may be published long after the original document was written.
For example, a newspaper article based on an interview with a subject matter expert would be considered a secondary source because the writer did not participate in the event being reported upon.
Factual writings employ facts and information to enlighten, instruct, or convince the reader. Literary works utilize language and structure creatively to entertain, inform, or provoke emotion. Critical essays examine different aspects of a work of art or literature to discuss their significance. Research papers conduct original research into a subject using sources such as books, journals, and databases.
Factual writing includes any written representation that provides information or data about reality or some aspect of life. Factual writing can be divided into three basic categories: descriptive, analytical, and expository. Descriptive writings describe what is seen, heard, felt, understood, etc. Analytical writings explain how something works or why it happens. Expository writings explain what effects result from a situation or action. Factual writing tests readers' knowledge of current events by asking them to identify facts and details regarding the topic.
Key elements in factual writing include clarity in thinking and expression, and correct use of sources. A clear and concise writing style with proper grammar and punctuation makes fact-based documents more readable and understandable. Sources should be cited for information obtained from other people or organizations. These sources include books, magazines, newspapers, videos, websites, and government agencies. Using these resources properly ensures that all relevant information has been included in the paper and avoids plagiarism.
In general, there are two categories of texts: factual and literary. Factual writing kinds include factual description, recount, and persuasive text. Poetry, tales, and personal reactions are examples of literary text kinds.
Factual writing is based on truth and evidence; it aims to give an accurate account of what happened under specified conditions. Historical documents, science articles, and business reports are all types of factual writing. Literary writing is written for entertainment purposes only; it may be based on fact but is not required to be. Creative writing includes poems, stories, essays, and personal reactions. All forms of art are literary.
Factual writing uses simple language that reads easily and is understood by most readers. Some words or phrases used in factual writing include: yes, no, sometimes, always, never, whole, part, entire, few, many, all, nobody, anything, neither, both, either/or, if-then, cause-effect, precursor, consequence, contribution, member, employee, customer, patient, donor, lawyer, accountant, psychologist, psychiatrist, priest, minister, rabbi, imam, missionary, teacher, scholar, researcher, officer, man, woman, child, baby, blood, sweat, tears, and any other material thing.
Literary writing uses complex language that some people may find difficult to understand.
There are numerous more strictly specified text kinds inside these. Within these broad categories, there are many different styles of texts.
Factual texts are written to give the reader information. They include history, biography, science, mathematics, statistics, and research papers. The historian describes past events; the biographer does the same for living people. Science writers report on scientific discoveries and their applications; mathematicians write about their fields. Statistics collectors gather data about human activities and society at large. Research papers present new ideas or evidence based on existing studies or experiments.
Literary texts are created to entertain or inform through language. They include novels, short stories, poems, plays, scripts, and articles. A novel is a story that usually takes place over a long period of time with several chapters. A short story has a focused plot and usually involves only one main character. A poem is a piece of poetry written by a poet either as an art form or as an expression. A tale is a narrative fiction written in prose. It may have some poetic elements but is generally not considered to be a poem. An article is a brief journalistic work. Scripts are plans used by actors to tell a story through movement and speech.