Anne Frank began revisiting and revising every entry from her journal, rewriting each one onto sheets of paper, in order to prepare. Anne revised her entries by shortening some, lengthening others, changing language, and ensuring that each entry began with "Dear Kitty."
She first started revisiting and editing her entries when she realized how much space they were taking up in their original form, which was written in German. She then began writing them out in English, which was the language of the secret community.
Anne's revisions also included removing herself as a writer, since she had not yet reached the age of 17 and could not sign her own work. Her father, Otto, signed all the articles when they were published after his death.
In addition to this, Anne changed some facts about herself in her entries. For example, she mentioned that her family moved to Amsterdam from Germany when she was young, but this was not true; they had already been living in Holland for several years before World War II broke out.
Another change she made was to give herself more details about what happened during the time periods when she was gone. For example, she wrote that on July 4, 1944, the Germans burned down the annex where she and her friends were hiding along with many other people.
Anne began rewriting her journal on loose pieces of paper after being inspired to have it published after the war. In doing so, she trimmed some entries while prolonging others, clarified other circumstances, addressed all entries uniformly to Kitty, and compiled a list of pseudonyms. She also added new material such as photographs and drawings.
After World War II ended, Anne wanted to show the world what had happened in the secret annex behind her father's shop during the years she wrote about in her diary. So she started writing again. This time, she used note cards to write longer essays that included descriptions of people, places, and events from before the war. She also included excerpts from books she had read including novels by Dostoyevsky and Balzac.
In April 1949, two months before her 15th birthday, Anne died of typhus. Her mother did not want to publish her daughter's notes so they could be preserved for future generations, but Anne's friend Liesel Meijer persuaded her to do so. The book was called The Diary of Anne Frank: Eighty Years On. It was published in September 1954. Since then it has been translated into many languages and is one of the best-known documents from the Holocaust.
Anne, not wanting to stifle her inner writer, believed the book would be best utilized as a journal. She wrote in two notebooks once the "diary" was filled, and finally on about 360 stray pieces of paper. One thing was certain: she enjoyed writing...
Anne's father, Otto, was a lawyer who worked with Jewish refugees from Germany. He moved his family to Amsterdam so they could live among other people and escape the dangers of being a Jew in Nazi-occupied Europe.
The Franks' apartment was sealed off by the police after Otto Frank was arrested at the end of July 1942. He was sent to Auschwitz where he died. The rest of the family were sent to concentration camps where they also perished. Only Anne, her sister Margot, and another girl survived.
She spent several years living in hiding before the secret annex was found by the Germans looking for documents pertaining to Jews. They allowed the girls to stay and even gave them jobs but eventually they were sent to the Westerbork transit camp where they would board trains for Switzerland or Brazil. However, the Swiss government refused to accept them so they stayed in the Netherlands until the war ended in 1945.
After the liberation of the Netherlands, Otto's wife Mina decided that it would be best if they didn't return home because their house had been converted into a hospital for war victims.
Despite her newfound loneliness, Anne continued to read and write. She had a diary, Kitty, in which she wrote virtually every day. Anne wrote in her diary about wishing she could go outside and enjoy the things she used to. She found it difficult to stay indoors all of the time.
One way Anne tried to keep herself occupied was by making models out of old clothes. She made dolls that she dressed up in different costumes. Her father said this was a good use of time that would otherwise have been spent crying.
Another hobby Anne had was drawing. She drew pictures of what she imagined life was like in certain places around the world. These drawings are called "travel sketches". She also drew people who came into her life at the time. These drawings are called "portraits".
Anne also collected recipes from other countries. She wanted to learn how to cook these dishes and try them out herself. However, since none of her friends were interested in cooking, she never got to experiment.
In addition to writing and drawing, Anne loved music. She sang along with the radio when it played songs. She also liked going to the cinema with her family. However, since they could not speak Dutch, they watched all of the films in German.
After the war ended, Anne's family went into hiding again.
After hearing a radio broadcast urging Dutch citizens to save diaries and other war materials, Anne began editing major sections of her diary with publication in mind. The first section to be completed was from June 1942 to August 1944. This excerpt, which includes scenes from when she was 12 years old, describes her early feelings for Peter van Pels and their subsequent friendship and love affair. It also includes descriptions of Jewish holidays and rituals along with some frank comments about Hitler and the Nazis.
In January 1945, just before the Netherlands were liberated by Allied forces, Anne finished writing about her time in hiding. She had not been able to write every day because that would have been dangerous but said she wanted "to mention as many interesting things as possible."
The last entry in the diary is dated August 1, 1945. It says: "The world has turned into a wonderful place again. I am so happy that it's over."
However, there are questions about how reliable this excerpt is. Some people say it sounds like Anne wrote it after the war when she was telling her story in hopes it would be published. Others say it shows signs of being edited by someone who knew what they were doing and wanted to make sure it was accurate information for readers rather than her personal views.