How did Homer contribute to the Dark Ages?

How did Homer contribute to the Dark Ages?

One of the first works of Greek literature begins at the end of the Mycenaean period and the beginning of the "Dark Age." During this time, heroes, who stood between mortal man and deity, were first described in the poetries of Hesoid and Homer. The earliest examples of written Greek date from around 750 B.C., almost 100 years after the fall of Troy.

Homer contributed much to the dark age by explaining many myths that people had believed for centuries. For example, he explained why the gods are important by writing about them in the Iliad. He also wrote about the wars between the Greeks and Trojans because nobody else would. In fact, there are many events that happened before the time of Homer that only he could have known about. This shows that he was a very important person during this time.

Another reason why Homer contributed to the dark age is because most people couldn't read or write. Only the rich could afford teachers who knew how to read and write. So these stories were passed on by word of mouth over many generations before they were put down on paper.

At the end of the dark age, around 500 B.C., philosophers began writing down what they thought about life, society, and the universe. These writings include theories about politics, philosophy, and science. Some believe that Homer helped start this new era because many of his poems were about these same topics.

Who was older, Herodotus or Homer or Hesiod?

"I suppose that Homer and Hesiod were older than I by 400 years and no more, and they are the ones who constructed the divine genealogy for Greeks, gave epithets to the gods, apportioned their professions and trades, and indicated external appearances," Herodotus says in his work Histories. "But whether or not the poets were actually present at the time these things are said to have happened (for there are no contemporary witnesses to any of this), it is certain that they have preserved records of them which we now read."

Herodotus was a Greek historian who lived in Halicarnassus in Asia Minor (now Bodrum, Turkey). He wrote about five books of history, including accounts of his own travels. The first four books deal with events before his time; the last one recounts how the Greeks came together after the Trojan War to form several states. His work was so important in its time that Plato cited him as an authority when arguing against writing history itself.

Homer and Hesiod were ancient Greek poets who lived around 700 B.C. They are both considered the fathers of poetry because they were the first to use hexameters (six-line stanzas) in their works. However, neither of them was actually present at the time these things are said to have happened (for there are no contemporary witnesses to any of this), nor did they write down what they knew about the past.

What did Homer and Hesiod have in common?

Both were epic poets whose works, such as Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and Hesiod's Works and Days, had a considerable effect on Greek religion and the portrayal of the gods in later Greek religion and modern times. They also both lived around 700 B.C.

Homer and Hesiod differed in that they were both epic poets, while their common ancestor was probably some sort of bard or singer. Their work has been called "the first written history of Greece" as it is thought to have served as a basis for much later writing on the subject. Both men are important in establishing traditional stories about the origins of important features of ancient Greek culture, such as the Olympic Games and the zither.

In addition to being an epic poet, Homer also wrote two other major works: the Iliad, which is often considered his greatest work, and the Odyssey. The Iliad is a battle poem that covers the war between the Greeks and the Trojans to win back Helen, who had been taken from Greece by Paris of Troy. It ends with a ritual game of baseball played between the two sides. The Odyssey is an account of Odysseus' ten year journey home after the Trojan War has ended; it uses the device of a circular structure for chapters named "stadia" (meaning "steps"), like a racetrack.

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Michael Highsmith

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