The 1830s saw the introduction of mass circulation publications in the United States. Publishers began giving less costly publications to a broader audience, encouraging increasing use of print media. Magazines became a major form of entertainment and education for Americans of all classes.
Printing technology progressed during this time, making cheaper and larger magazines possible. The number of monthly publications increased as well as their length. By 1840, more than 100 periodicals were being printed in America annually. These publications covered topics from politics to sports to literature, offering readers information about everything happening inside and outside the country.
This increase in publication allowed writers opportunity to express themselves freely without worrying about who might be listening. Political cartoons were a common feature of magazines published during this time period. They provided a way for readers to voice their opinions about current events or politicians by using drawings or caricatures to make points about what was happening in government or society at large.
Another new development during the 1830s was the arrival of the railroad. This modern invention had huge implications for the transportation industry and the communication networks that depended on it. Travelers could now reach places beyond our borders that previously would have been inaccessible. Publications could now deliver content to these distant audiences, allowing them to stay up-to-date on world events even if they weren't able to travel themselves.
Why did magazines emerge later in the American colonies than newspapers? They lacked a sizable middle class, broad literacy, and modern printing.
Magazines were first introduced to America when Benjamin Harris opened the first magazine shop in Boston in 1704. Although several other publishers followed suit, it was not until after the American Revolution that magazine publishing became more widespread. Before then, readers had access to books which were printed in large quantities and sold for a low price, such as by Jonathan Edwards or Benjamin Franklin. Magazines focused on popularizing new books and reporting current events. They provided a needed alternative for readers who could not afford or access literature in print.
In the early days of the United States, newspaper editors often wrote their own material and relied on others to write their columns. This method wasn't successful enough to attract a wide audience so some papers hired freelancers to do this work. These individuals would be paid per column published and sometimes received additional compensation for larger sales. Since this work was not attached to any particular paper, it can be done independently of whether there is an advertiser for their services. Thus, it gave rise to the term "freelance writer".
The first freelance writers in America were journalists who worked for newspapers.
Despite this early setback, magazines continued to grow in the later part of the 18th century, and by the end of the 1700s, the young United States had more than 100 publications. Despite this vast number of publications, typical colonial journals had modest readership statistics and were considered elitist. In 1768, for example, Richard Henry Lee's Journal of Occurrences was published only five times because it was intended for an audience of one.
Readers could choose what news they wanted to hear from these journals. They would read about important political events, but also sports stories, entertainment reviews, and anything else that caught their attention. Some magazines became very popular, such as Benjamin Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanack which was issued annually from 1742 to 1772. It contained practical advice on farming, home building, and other subjects useful to its readers.
Magazines played an important role in the life of early America. They allowed people to keep up with current events and learn about what was happening in other parts of the world. They also provided amusement for those who could afford them. For these reasons, magazines have been described as being essential for American identity formation.
The Saturday Evening Post was the first really successful mass-circulation magazine in the United States. This weekly journal began publishing in 1821 and continued in print until 1969, when it momentarily halted publication. However, a new owner redesigned the magazine in 1971 to focus on health and medical discoveries. The original magazine can now be found in many libraries worldwide.
In addition to articles about current events and science, the Post included stories with an adventure plot or theme. These were called "story papers" and included puzzles for readers to solve. There were also comic strips (such as "Krazy Kat" and "Baby Dumpling") and cartoons (including Walt Disney's first effort, titled simply "Cartoons").
The Post was initially aimed at middle-class Americans who had time enough to read but not enough money to buy books. It published articles on such topics as history, geography, economics, politics, music, literature, and sports. It also offered recipes, advice on home improvement, how-to articles for men and women, and contests. Although the Post did publish some fiction, its primary purpose was business journalism.
According to the website of the American Journalism Review, the Post is responsible for the creation of many important news trends. For example, it was one of the first magazines to publish interviews with celebrities, and it continues to do so today. The Post has also been cited by other publications as a source for their own story ideas.
Cheaper printing and more literacy What was the other aspect that contributed to the early publications' success? Abolitionism and labor reform are two examples of social movements. They often involve many people who join together for a common goal. These goals can be as simple as an idea or as complex as changing government policy. Abolitionism began after slavery was declared illegal in most countries. Labor reforms included hours of work, pay, and safety standards.
The first issue of The National Advocate appeared on August 19, 1825. It was based in Philadelphia and it called for the abolition of slavery. This article also mentioned compensation for slave owners which is another factor that contributed to the publication's success. Slavery was widespread in the United States at the time so this call to end it was not unusual.
The second issue of The National Advocate appeared a month later on September 1825. It also had an article about slavery and it said that it should be abolished "without delay".
These articles were only four pages long but they made enough of a impact on Congress to cause them to pass the Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery, also known as the Morrill Act. This law required that all slaves over the age of six be granted their freedom in every state by January 1, 1837.