Why does Paine paint the Conservatives in such a negative light? (Either positively or adversely). Paine characterizes the Conservatives as narrow-minded and self-centered. They are "a party of state officials, pensioners, and retired officers of the army and navy." In other words, the Tories represent the interests of an elite group of people.
Paine also accuses them of being responsible for the death of King George III and his family. The British government had ordered that the king be deprived of his sanity so that he would not interfere with their plans to exile him to Europe where he could live out his life in poverty. However, the king's wife and children were murdered when they could not be moved from their palace in London. This led to a public outcry against the Tories, who were widely seen as responsible for the deaths of the royal family.
Finally, Paine charges the Tories with being responsible for the French Revolution. The French people rejected another candidate for the royalty when they elected Louis XVI. But the Tories wanted a monarch who would be easy to control, so they chose Louis as their new king. Once he took power, he set up the French Committee system, which was very similar to the American Congress. This led many people to believe that the Tories were responsible for the revolution.
Tories are typically monarchists who were historically of a high church Anglican religious ancestry and opposed the Whig faction's liberalism. The Cavalier party, a royalist force during the English Civil War, is the source of the philosophy. Today, Tory ideology can be described as conservative.
They believe in small government, free markets, and traditional values. The Tories support the monarchy and retain an eye on the Crown when appointing ministers but are not strictly a loyalist party.
Although they have been in power for most of the time since the Restoration, the Tories are not a single unified organization with set policies. There have been many different parties called "Tory" over the years - from the main current to the left-wing Labour Party today - but all share a basic outlook on life that has made them attractive to gentry and wealthy merchants who want a handmaiden or mistress for their political interests.
The Tories started out as a club for retired army officers. After the French Revolution, there was fear that France might become like England (a constitutional monarchy) so a group of aristocrats and others interested in keeping the monarchy alive formed what became known as the Tory Party. They wanted a return to "old ways" when the king was above law and people had no rights.
"story" is a noun (plural "tories") and "tory" is a derogatory term for an adherent of British Conservative Party politics. The term was originally used to describe soldiers in the English Army who had come from the south of England; it was later applied to other people deemed objectionable by Victorian-era conservatives. Such people were often supporters of parliamentary reform or women's rights.
In modern usage, "tory" has taken on a broader meaning and can be used as a label for anyone who is conservative in politics or opinion. It is especially common among older generations of Britons who remember life under the Conservatives before they became more progressive governments.
The word comes from the surname Tory, which was adopted as a first name after the 16th century. The Tores are a southern English family that went back to Normandy in France before coming to England. They were initially given land near London but soon expanded their holdings to include nearly all of South West England.
The original Tories supported Charles I during the English Civil War but then switched sides when he was executed. After this event, the term "Tory" was used to describe any supporter of the monarchy.
Paine explains the right to revolt in this line by claiming that the British government is acting tyrannically to the point of enslaving the American people. Paine claims in the opening paragraph that the British government is building tyranny over the American colonies. He supports this claim with examples from history of countries that have revolted against their rulers. He concludes that since the colonists are not free they have a right to rebel against the British government.
In addition to explaining why the Americans should have the right to revolt, Paine also answers the question of what would happen after the revolution. He believes that after winning their freedom the Americans will want to keep some form of connection with Britain. This idea comes straight from the founders of America who wanted Britain to help them develop as a country. So Paine proposes that after winning their independence from Britain the Americans should enter into a new treaty with the kingdom where they would be allowed to trade freely while still being subject to British law.
Finally, Paine addresses those who might worry about problems that could arise during or after a revolution. He says that any problems that do occur can be fixed by another revolution when more wisdom is gained. For example, if people become enslaved again then they can just revolt again until they are free. This shows that Paine believed that revolutions are always good even if you lose some lives in the process.