(about 560 BC) was an Athenian statesman, legislator, and poet. He is well known for his efforts to pass legislation to combat political, economic, and moral decay in ancient Athens. His reforms were short-lived, but he is often recognized with laying the groundwork for Athenian democracy.
As part'the general amnesty following the death of Cleomenes III, all previous criminal charges against Solon are dropped. He is given a free hand to legislate as he sees fit, without worry about any other affairs of state coming before it. This gives him the opportunity to address several issues facing his country at that time.
First, he seeks to restore faith in the city-state's currency by making gold and silver coins legal tender. Prior to this change, only bronze coins had been issued by Athens. Second, he passes laws to prevent the enslavement of Greek citizens by their own cities-to-be-free. Third, he limits the power of aristocrats by establishing elections for officials who have not previously held their positions. Finally, he proposes a new system of justice called "isonomy" or "equal lawing". Every citizen has an equal chance of being tried by jury or before a panel of judges. If found guilty, they can be fined or even executed. But perhaps most importantly, there will no longer be a class of people above the law.
Solon is regarded as one of Greece's first politicians and lawyers. He is also credited with having introduced into Athens some elements of representative government. However, it was fifth century BC politician and statesman Cleisthenes who truly established democracy in Athens by designing a voting system that allowed every adult male citizen to have a say in the government through annual elections.
In addition to being an important figure in ancient Greek history, Solon also has something of a mythic quality about him. It is said that he knew how to use words wisely and told many stories in order to explain what he wanted to convey. This made him a popular speaker who commanded respect from everyone around him. He had been appointed to his position by King Archidamus III and was known as the "the people's poet" because he wrote many laws which helped establish democracy in Athens.
These are just some examples of how Solon contributes to the development of Greek democracy. As you can see, he played an important role in the creation of this unique form of government.
Historians describe to him as "the founder of Athenian democracy" because of his achievements. He belonged to the noble Alcmaeonid family. He was also credited for boosting the authority of Athens' people' assembly and decreasing the nobility's influence over Athenian politics. These changes made way for the development of democratic practices that were absent under the old aristocratic system.
As you can see, he is a hero in ancient Greek history. In fact, there is a statue of him in front of the National Museum in Athens. Even though he was from an upper-class family, he became one of the most important politicians of his time. He was elected president of the council (ἀγορὴ βουλευτήριον) at least six times, more than any other politician before or after him. And since he didn't hold any political position before becoming president, this shows how important he considered himself to be.
Also, he invented the system of voting by groups of citizens called democritus (this will be discussed in greater detail below). This system would later on be used by other cities too, such as New York City. So even if you weren't able to vote directly for your mayor, you still have someone who is somewhat responsible for their office.
Greece in the past Athens was one of the first known and most influential democracies in ancient times; the term "democracy" (Greek: demokratia-"rule of the people") was used by the Athenians around 508 BC to describe their form of administration. In fact, Greece as a whole started adopting elements of democracy during this period, although it would not be until later that individual cities would adopt true democratic systems. However, it was Athens that developed the concept into an organized form of government that could withstand constitutional change.
Athens' system was based on the idea of the sovereignty of the people, which meant that power was vested in the people themselves through their elected representatives called Archons. The people could remove their leaders via ostracism, where they would exile an official for ten years. This would cause any previous decisions made by the person exiled to be invalidated in order to prevent oppression by society from becoming entrenched through the appointment of a successor. If Athens were to lose its democracy, then it would have been possible for another city to develop a similar system. However, no other city was able to match the success of Athens and by the end of the fifth century BC, only Athens remained a democracy.
In conclusion, democracy is a form of government where the sovereignty of the people is vested in themselves or their elected representatives.