Morrison was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993 for "giving life to a fundamental component of American reality in novels distinguished by visionary intensity and lyrical import." She was the ninth woman and the first African-American to receive the award.
The daughter of sharecroppers, Morrison was born Tarina Moore on January 18, 1931. She was raised in poverty in South Carolina by her mother after her father died when she was young. At the age of 14, she changed her name to Toni Morrison, taking as her surname that of the Italian painter Tonino Guerra.
She graduated from Howard University with a bachelor's degree in English in 1952 and went on to obtain a Master's Degree from Columbia University later that same year. In 1955, she became the first person to be awarded a PhD in Fiction by Princeton University. From 1957 to 1959, she served as an assistant professor of English at Howard University.
In 1967, Morrison joined the faculty of Yale University as a full professor of English. Three years later, she was appointed co-director of the university's Center for British Studies. In 1990, she became the first African-American woman to be elected president of the Modern Language Association (MLA).
Morrison was a prolific writer who published six novels and two books of essays before she turned 50.
Morrison was the first black woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993. Three years later, she was chosen to deliver the Jefferson Lecture by the National Endowment for the Humanities and was awarded the National Book Foundation's Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters.
In addition to being a renowned author of novels including The Bluest Eye, Sula, and Song of Solomon, Morrison was also a professor of English at Princeton University for twenty-five years. There she created a course of study on African American literature that became one of the most popular programs at the university.
Morrison died on January 27, 2019 after suffering from end-stage renal disease for several years. She was 71.
Of all the students in her class, only one other person was able to finish high school and go on to graduate work. This shows how influential and important her work has been on society as a whole.
As far as I know, nobody has been inspired to write any songs about Toni Morrison. But then again, I'm not sure if that's what the Jefferson Lecture is supposed to inspire in its audience.
The Jefferson Lectures are given by individuals who have made significant contributions to American culture. They are designed to encourage discussion of important issues in the history of ideas while at the same time promoting greater knowledge and understanding of the topics involved.
Toni Morrison was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993 for "giving life to an important component of American reality in books distinguished by visionary intensity and lyrical import." She was only the second African-American to receive the award. The other being Ralph Ellison.
Morrison was born on January 16, 1931, in Lorain, Ohio. Her mother died when she was young, and she was raised by her father, a dentist. She attended Howard University for two years before dropping out to marry music producer Johnny Lee Morrison. They had one son together, John W. Morrison. In 1970, she divorced him and moved with her son to rural South Carolina, where she lived for three years. In 1973, she married financial adviser Bruce B. Riggs. The marriage ended in divorce in 1980.
During this time, Morrison wrote some of her most famous works. She first came into public attention with her 1972 novel _The Bluest Eye_. It is about a young black girl who hates herself because of the blue eyes she has been told will get her into trouble. This book was followed by two more novels: _Jazz_, which won the 1975 National Book Award for Fiction, and _Song of Solomon_, published four years later.
Toni Morrison altered the literary landscape. Toni Morrison's work has frequently been regarded entirely through the prism of identity because she was the first black woman to achieve various key things, like become an editor at Random House and receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. But beyond that, her work is also important because it pushes against assumptions about what literature is and can be. She was one of the first writers to use autobiography as a vehicle for exploring larger issues, including history, race, and gender.
Morrison was born on January 24, 1931, in Lorain, Ohio. He had some political connections-her grandfather was a civil rights activist who worked with Martin Luther King Jr.-but they were not strong enough to help him avoid being sent to a military prison during World War II. After his release, he moved the family to Virginia, where he opened another office. But despite having more money than most blacks at the time, they remained second class citizens.
At age 16, while still in school, Morrison started writing poetry and short stories. She attended Howard University for two years but dropped out to marry at age 20. When her husband got a job at New York's Random House publishing house, she joined him there. There she became an editor at the modern classics division before moving on to other books.
Toni Morrison was a living legend among book lovers. Her writing approach infused American fiction with grace, sensitivity, and the tradition of African American folklore. She authored stories for African Americans, but her words captivated creatives, philosophers, and even politicians from all around the world.
Morrison was born on January 24, 1931 in Lorain, Ohio. The daughter of a dentist, she had very little interest in books as a child. But when she was eight years old, her family moved to Vermont, where she began to love reading novels. Inspired by Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man, she wrote her first story at the age of 11. That same year, she entered a county writing contest with another girl; only one of them would be awarded first place.
She continued to write throughout high school and college, but when the United States entered World War II, Morrison joined the army. After she was discharged, she went to Howard University to study English literature. It was there that she met William F. Buckley, Jr., who became one of her biggest supporters. In 1969, she earned a master's degree in literary arts from Columbia University.
That same year, her first novel was published under the name Toni Morrison. It was called The Bluest Eye. Since then, she has written more than 20 books, including Beloved, which won the 1995 Nobel Prize for Literature.