1 Read and consider the title. 2 Begin turning the pages and reading and reflecting on each of the bold-faced headers. 3 When you get to the conclusion of the chapter, write down what these titles tell you about the chapter's aims and ambitions. Then begin reading it actively. 4 Repeat steps 1-3 with every section in the chapter.
Begin by reading:
Reading for critical thinking
Summarize the main question(s), as well as any conclusions or results. To comprehend the organization, skim the subheadings and theme lines; write notes in the margins about each part. Make short notes about the major idea or aim of each paragraph as you read each paragraph within a section. Finally, summarize the key points or ideas in a brief sentence or two.
You should be able to summarize an article that is one page long, even if you have not read it before. Since most articles are longer than one page, this task will require reading several pages of text.
Figures and tables can give the reader a quick overview of the main findings. These can be included in your summary document with little impact on its length. In fact, including figures in your summary document will likely make it more effective because readers will want to know what questions the study answers and what conclusions were drawn from the data.
References are also important in summary documents. They provide readers with additional information about the study's methodology and findings. Including references from widely accepted sources such as medical journals provides evidence that the study was conducted properly. References from less reputable sources may present problems for the author if they cannot be verified. For example, if the reference list includes only books by the same publisher as the journal in which the study appears, there is reason to suspect bias since the company might have influenced the results.
Overview of the important points