(c) your own words are not too similar to the original material. These steps will help readers understand that you have written something new rather than copying from elsewhere.
How to Reduce Turnitin Similarity: Cheat, but don't get caught
Depending on your field, common words and phrases might result in 10–15 percent of matches. However, 48 percent is quite high, and you must determine why. You could receive a high match for utilizing quotations, but using the quote may be entirely appropriate provided you presented it as a quote and correctly credited the source. In this case, the quotation would not result in any penalties.
If you're missing assignments, exams, or other required work, then you will receive a low score. Even if there are no errors with your paper, if it is not turned in then you will not get credit for it. Low scores can cause you to fall further behind if you are already behind because they "hold back" the progress of all students in the class.
If you receive a high number of matches, it does not necessarily mean that you plagiarized. A high number of matches can also be caused by searching multiple sources online. For example, if someone searched Google for information on how to write a paper and copied part of one of the results pages into their work, they would also receive a high number of matches. It is important to note that even if you cite your sources, if you copy parts of them without giving credit we will still identify you as having violated our policies.
The final penalty that can be given to students is exclusion. If a student is repeatedly identified as committing violations of our policy, they will be excluded from Turnitin.
Turnitin includes a mechanism that prevents prior references from being included. If you've used it and you're still getting 48%, that's a problem. If it says that big portions of the text have already appeared in other people's work, it's usually too high a proportion, even if it's all quoted and linked. I would suggest reviewing your work carefully and removing any non-unique words or phrases.
Your similarity score reveals how much of your text is found in the comparison database sources. For example, if your score is 15%, 15% of the stuff you authored is unoriginal since it matches text in the database. Higher scores mean more original content.
There is a significant distinction between what Turnitin identifies as matching text (also known as the similarity index) and plagiarism. There is no set percentage match that determines whether or not your work is plagiarized. A match of 40% may be entirely fine, as long as your work is properly presented and cited. A match of 90% may mean that you are copying almost exactly from another source. The only way to know for sure is to review the material in question.
In addition to identifying matching text, our system can tell when text has been copied directly from another source. This is called "indirect plagiarism." Indirect plagiarism occurs when someone copies part of an article or other work and incorporates it into their own paper. For example, let's say that I write an article about Leonardo da Vinci. I would like to publish this work independently, so I choose some relevant keywords and search using those terms on Google Scholar. When I find an article that seems similar to mine, I will copy parts of it and use it as my own contribution to the field. Since my work is indirectly plagiarizing another piece, Turnitin will identify this form of cheating.
Indirect plagiarism can also occur when you reference one paper but really intend to refer the reader to another. For example, if I were writing a paper about Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simonetta, I might look up information about his apprenticeship under Andrea del Verrocchio.
There is no agreement or clear-cut criteria on how much plagiarism is allowed in a paper. According to the standard, a text resemblance of less than 15% is regarded acceptable by journals, while a similarity of more than 25% is considered a high degree of plagiarism. Similarity takes precedence over plagiarism. Therefore, an article that copies another one almost verbatim would be accepted over an original work.
The acceptable level of similarity varies among journals and even between editors of the same journal. Thus, you should always check the instructions of the journal you are submitting to. Often, there is a detailed description of how closely related articles must be before they can be accepted for publication together.
Furthermore, researchers tend to borrow from each other all the time when writing papers. So, as long as you cite the source of your ideas/information and use appropriate language, then you shouldn't have any problems.
By creating an original work, it is feasible to achieve a similarity of 0%. The poor similarity is due to how your assessor configured the Turnitin drop-box. There are options to omit bibliographies and short matches (5-8 words long), which might result in a genuine 0% similarity in your report.