The authors' names are alphabetically ordered in the works referenced list, as determined by the letters before the commas separating the authors' surname and first names. For example, if the reference list contained these references: Carter, Daniel and Hiller, Paul, "A Short History of Time", New York: Norton, 1994, pp. Xv-xvi, then the location of Carter's work would be listed first because it comes after the comma.
If there is more than one author with the same number of publications, such as when multiple authors have their own papers published under different names, then they are listed in order of publication date. This can be checked in many cases by looking at citations to the authors' works or searching journal databases for articles written by them together. For example, if the reference list contained these references: Jones, John and Smith, Barbara, "John Jones and Barbara Smith (eds.)", Special Issue on Social Networks, Social Science Information, 37(3), 1998, pp. 615-632, then the location of Jones's work would be listed first because it was published later than that of Smith.
It is also possible to arrange the references alphabetically by either first name or last name, depending on which one is used by the researcher.
Sort your list alphabetically. Sort the list alphabetically by the first word of the citation. The author's last name is usually the first word. When the author is unknown, alphabetize the title by the first word, excluding the terms a, an, and the. For example, "The Battle of Blenheim was won..." would be sorted as "Battle of Blenheim." If the title contains more than one word, like "An Analysis of Variance," then sort each word separately and add them up at the end.
If you are using Microsoft Word, there is an automatic way to create a bibliography. Open the document where you want to include the bibliography. Select any text from within the document and click the Reference button on the toolbar. A drop-down menu appears. Click Citation List and your bibliography will appear along with other tools for creating tables and drawings. For more information, see Create a Table or Chart in Microsoft Word.
To create a manual bibliography, start with an empty document. Use the Author-Date format for all entries. Each entry should contain the author's last name, the date (year), the title of the work, and the page number if available. There are two ways to identify page numbers: with a symbol like this page or with words like first, second, third. Put a comma after the year unless it is the only item in the list.
Organizing the Reference List Simply alphabetize the entries alphabetically. More specifically, reference list items are organized by author last name, followed by first name initials. Because they specialize in certain topics, you will frequently see the names of the same researchers and authors. As an example, two biologists might work on studies of birds, so their reference lists would contain many of the same names. It is important to ensure that the references listed are valid and available to scholars who may use the work.
It is also helpful if you provide the volume number for journal articles or the page numbers for books because these make it easier for others to find relevant material.
In general, references should be listed in order of appearance, but this is not always possible due to space limitations on citations. If that is the case, try to place those references that are most likely to be used first or at least before those that are less useful. For example, if there are several studies conducted by one researcher, it makes sense to list his or her own work first and then other people's studies after it.
References can be included in your bibliography with no space between them and the text they refer to. In fact, some publishers require you to put the reference list at the end of the document rather than including it within the main text.
The Reference List's Order
Hi, Alex. In APA, your reference list always goes in alphabetical order according to the first piece of information that's different. If you have multiple authors, then look at the first author for each work you are citing. If they do not match up, go with the second author, etc.
In this case, since both articles have the same author and both citations include her name, it does not matter which order we put her in.
Citing multiple sources is difficult because you need to make sure that you don't repeat yourself or miss out on important information. With multiple sources, it is best to check several references to see if there are any differences in how they are cited. In this case, looking at two separate references, we can see that they give the same author as a source, so there is no need to change the order.