Captions A figure caption is placed beneath the figure, whereas a table caption is placed above the table (if a caption is more than one line, make it left justified). Figures and captions should be on the same page. All captions must begin with a capitalized word and conclude with a period. Additional rules for figures and tables can be found in the citation guidelines.
Here are some captioning tips:
A caption should accompany each figure and table. Here are some captioning tips: A figure caption is placed beneath the figure, whereas a table caption is placed above the table (if a caption is more than one line, make it left justified). Use 10-point type for both figures and tables.
Captions should not appear in the text of the article but rather in a separate document called an "endnote" or "annotation". If your article includes many figures and tables, they will need their own notes, which are attached to the paper near where the figure or table is located. The reader can then follow a reference list to find other places in the article that may interest them. Notes can also include information about sources used in an article; these are often referred to as bibliographies or references.
Figure captions should always begin with the word Figure, while table captions should always begin with the word Table. These labels help readers identify the contents of these illustrations quickly so they do not have to read the entire article to find out what is included.
Figures and tables should not be inserted into manuscripts through the body of the text but rather linked to the main body of the manuscript online. This allows for detailed descriptions of the figures and tables to be provided under the appropriate headings.
Captions should be limited to a single sentence and should always be written in plain English.
Captions for figures They should describe the data provided, call attention to relevant areas within the graphic, and may occasionally incorporate data interpretations. Because captions are normally viewed from the bottom up, they appear below the figure and are left-justified. The caption should be brief (limit itself to one paragraph) and clear (use simple language). No more than one in-text reference should be made to an illustration or table.
There are two types of captions: descriptive and explanatory. Descriptive captions simply identify the figure or table; they do not go into detail about the data themselves. Explanatory captions give a detailed explanation of the data illustrated in the figure or table. While most figures have both a descriptive and an explanatory caption, this is not necessary. If there is no reason to refer to the data within the figure or table, then there is no need for a descriptive caption.
Figures are used extensively within scientific papers as visual aids to explain complex concepts or theories. For example, a researcher studying proteins might produce a figure that shows how different proteins work together to form a muscle cell. Or, a scientist working with DNA molecules could create a figure to illustrate the double helix structure of these molecules.
Figures are also used to summarize data.
Captions should be brief yet thorough. They should describe the data provided, call attention to relevant areas within the graphic, and may occasionally incorporate data interpretations. They should not explain the image beyond the scope of the data presented.
There are many ways to caption a chart. One method is to provide text that directly corresponds to each column in the chart. For example, if there were three columns in the chart, then there would be three sentences describing the data in the chart. You can also include a table with the chart for further explanation. Of course, you can also simply describe the images shown in the chart.
In general, charts are used to show relationships between two or more variables. So, a good descriptive caption should identify these relationships either explicitly or by implication. For example, "The blue line shows growth in sales while the red line shows growth in profits." Or, "Sales increased while profits decreased." Charts are useful tools for showing data patterns, so a good descriptive caption should also indicate this. For example, "This chart shows that although sales and profits vary greatly from month to month, on average they move together in harmony."
Finally, charts can be used to present numerical data, so a good descriptive caption should include information about numbers as well as colors, lines, etc.