Cite the first few words (typically the title) and the year of the reference item. Double-quote the title of an article or chapter, and italicize the title of a magazine, book, brochure, or report. Adapted from the book Study Guide (2000). ("Reading," 1999).
References should be cited in the text using the author's name and year of publication if it is available. If not, use the title and volume number.
In general, follow this format: "Booker (1990)," rather than just "Booker." The full author name is necessary when citing multiple authors for the same work.
For books that have not been published when you are writing your paper, send the required information to the publisher at the address given in the book's dust jacket. Include a short cover letter stating what role the book might play in your research process and why you are interested in including it in your bibliography. If they agree to include it, they will send you a copy of the book for your records and to verify the accuracy of your citation.
Magazines and journals are a bit more complicated because they don't have titles that can easily be used as citations. In this case, you need to give the exact page numbers on which each article can be found. This can be difficult if the articles are spread over several pages.
This is an adaptation of the book Study Guide (2000) or "Reading," 1999. It is assumed that the reader knows how to correctly identify, select, and use titles in essays and research papers.
In academic writing, the title page of a journal article or book contains the author's name, the title of the work, its publication information such as the year published and the place of publication, and an indication of the type of document being submitted with the work. Titles are important in academic communication because they provide the reader with relevant information about the content of the paper or presentation. They may also influence the decision to read beyond the first page of text.
In American Psychological Association (APA) style, the title of a document should be written in quotation marks, followed by the word "title" (without quotation marks). The rest of the sentence follows the APA format for writing abstracts. The title should be short and descriptive without using abbreviations. Include the subject of the paper if possible.
Author Unknown If the work does not have an author, reference it in the signal phrase by its title or use the first word or two in the parenthesis. The titles of books and reports are italicized, while the titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are surrounded by quotation marks. Examples: "The Diary of Anne Frank" or "Anne Frank's Journal"; "Prisoner Number 626B" or "The Prisoner's Diaries"; "View from the Tower" or "Edward II"; "Why Do Men Leave Their Partners?" or "The Why Men Leave surveys the reasons why men leave their partners for another woman."
If you know the author's name but cannot find it in the bibliography, check the reference list of related works. This may lead to more information about the book under consideration. If that fails, cite the work as Author Unknown.
Reference List If the work has no bibliography, list relevant publications instead. Include full publication details including year published, title, volume number if applicable, and page numbers. Use a space of at least one inch between each entry.
Example: Lee, Sue, et al. "The Family Court Review." Reviews of The Family Court System. Chicago: American Bar Association, 1998. 144-45.
Publication Date You do not need to state the date of publication if it is clear from the context.