To cite committee hearings, give the bill number, the subcommittee name, the committee name, the number of the Congress, the page number of the document quoted, and the year of publication. For example, to cite H.R. 4986, the Energy Policy Act of 2005: A Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security of the House Committee on Armed Services and the Subcommittee on Energy and Air Quality of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, 105th Cong. , 1st Sess.
Item in the reference list Number of Congress Cong. Page (Year), Title of Hearing (testimony of Name of Witness).
When referencing United States legislative literature (excluding debates), the Bluebook recommends include the title, if applicable, the shortened name of the chamber, the number of the Congress, the number allocated to the document, and the year of publication. State documents are commonly mentioned in the same manner. Testimonies before congressional committees are usually referred to as "testimony."
In addition to the standard information about Congress, these references also include the name of the committee hearing the testimony, any subcommittees involved, and the date on which the testimony was given.
Testimony is often quoted by number rather than citation because there may be many copies made or transcripts published. These can be found by searching the Internet for the title and the word "transcript" or "summary".
Citations to reports should include the name of the house, the number of the Congress, the section or page number, and the year of publication. For example, the Congressional Budget Office's (CBO) "The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2010-2019" [this link will take you to the full report on the CBO website] would be cited as CBO, The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2010-2019, Report to the President, Congress, and the Public, July 2009.
See also: http://www.cbo.gov/about/overview.
Bluebook guidelines state that "the abbreviation 'HR' may be used in place of the word'report.'" Thus, HR Rep. No. 111-152 would be cited as CBO, The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2010-2019, House Report No. 111-152, published in 2009.
To make a reference to a Select Committee Report, use the committee's name in italics, followed by the report's title in italics, and either HC or Hl in brackets. The year of the Parliament session and the serial number of the report, which may be found at the foot of the title page, are then required. For example, to refer to the third report of the Standing Committee on Transport and Communications:
The third annual report of the Standing Committee on Transport and Communications.
Citing multiple reports from the same committee is permissible.
Referencing the Congressional Record (Permanent Edition)
Using a Federal Law Include the bill title (if applicable), the shortened name of the house (H.R. or S.), the bill number, the Congress number, and the year of publication. Include the URL at the end of the reference list entry when it is available. The full citation for a single article is (title, author, date), as shown above.
Include the title of the bill or resolution, its number, as well as the congressional and session numbers. Include publishing information if you are utilizing a published version of the bill. For details on how to format citations, see the Reference section below.
Sources include committee reports, house and senate documents, floor debates, printed media such as newspapers and magazines. Authors include government officials (i.e., members of Congress, their staff writers, and others who contribute to legislative activity), journalists, scholars, and others. Archives contain records of debates and proceedings before committees and subcommittees, publications issued by Congress, etc.
Citations are usually placed within the text of your paper, using brackets to indicate where each citation appears. Within the text of your paper, use footnotes or endnotes. Both methods are acceptable within our community; it's just a matter of personal preference. When writing your bibliography or works cited page, include the full citation for each source. These pages are typically included at the end of your paper.
Here is an example of a Chicago style citation: H.R. 3526 was introduced in the House on March 4, 2015. It was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, which met on April 23-24, 2015.