If you are paraphrasing a concept from another book, you just need to provide the author and year of publication in your in-text reference, although APA recommends that you additionally include the page number (although it is not required). For example, if I were citing this paraphrase: "Reading poetry can be a great way to learn about love and loss because poets have to use words well to express these ideas," I would put the following into my paper: Barthes, S. (2001). A Lover's Discourse: Pierre Bourdieu. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. Page 93.
In this case, the page number would be helpful for readers to find the exact passage that I am referring to, but it is not necessary. Note that in this example, I was referencing only one passage; if I were to quote multiple passages or concepts within the book, I would need to give more detail in my in-text citation. For example, if I were to quote several lines from different places in the book, I would need to provide multiple in-text citations.
This type of citation is different from a paraphrase because a summary should not re-state the idea or concept being summarized.
When paraphrasing, you must still include a parenthetical citation to show where you received the concept. The author and date must be included when attributing paraphrased content, according to APA. It's also a good idea (but not essential) to provide the page number.
You can identify original material by its lack of a parenthetical citation. If you're unsure whether or not something is original, look for evidence that it has been cited before. If it has, then it probably relies on some other work for its ideas which will make it appropriate for use as a source.
Paraphrasing is the act of rewriting someone else's words without giving them credit. This includes summarizing information from multiple sources into one document, quoting parts of books and articles, and expressing complex ideas in simple language. In academic writing, paraphrasing is important because it shows that you have understood the topic well enough to explain it yourself. Without using another's work as a source, how would anyone know?
The best way to avoid plagiarism is to quote others accurately and attribute your sources. If you don't, you run the risk of being accused of plagiarism yourself. This could result in your reputation being damaged even though you were not aware that you were doing anything wrong.
APA In-Text Citation: The author's last name and the year of publication are used in the APA in-text citation style, for example: (Field, 2005). Include the page number for direct quotations, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources that do not contain page numbers, such as websites and e-books, use a paragraph number. Do not put the date of publication before the author's name; this is considered old style formatting.
For books that have been published more than one year ago, it is acceptable to use the title instead of the author's name and year of publication in the in-text citation. For example, if the book was published in 2010, then you would write: (Blum, 2010) for its title.
For articles that have been published more than one year ago, it is acceptable to use the author's last name and the year of publication in the in-text citation. For example, if the article was published in 2015, then you would write: (O'Brien, 2015) for its author's last name and year of publication.
If the book or article has not been published yet, you must use the author's last name and the year of publication as well as the title or abstract. For example, if the book has not been published but its title is "My New Book", then you would write: (Schwartz, 2005) for its author's last name and the year of publication.
The APA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the year of publication, as in: (Field, 2005). In general, use only lowercase letters for the author's last name and remove any punctuation except full stops (periods). Do not include titles or subtitle information in the text citation. Only include them in the endnotes.
In addition to the proper in-text citation, there are other elements that should be included in word processing files when working with sources using the APA format. These include a works cited page at the end of the document containing the list of all sources used in the paper with their corresponding pages. Again, follow the APA guidelines by including the date of publication after each source and removing any punctuation except full stops.
Finally, ensure that your file is saved as a PDF document before submitting it. Although not essential, many universities require papers to be submitted in this format.
For sources that do not contain page numbers, such as websites and e-books, use a paragraph number, such as: (Field, 2005, para. 1). The APA Style and Grammar Guidelines web page has more information about direct citation of sources without pagination.
Yes, an APA reference page is alphabetized by the author's last name. When there are many writers with the same last name, they are alphabetized by the first or middle initial. Use the publication year when you have numerous sources by the same author. For example, if I were to refer to Jones et al. (2003), I would list it as 2003JE because that is how it is published.
There are two ways to format your references in APA: one for print and another for online sources. For print sources, follow these steps:
1. Select the type of reference you are making from the drop-down menu. In this case, it is a bibliography or reference list.
2. Click on the "Bibliography" button in Microsoft Word. The Bibliography dialog box appears.
3. In the Title field, type the name of the book, journal, or article you are referencing. If there is more than one work by the same author, type each one separately. If the source is available on line, click on the "Online" link. The URL address will now be displayed in the Title field.
4. Type a description of the material you are referencing in the Description field. This information will appear at the bottom of the bibliography or reference list.
You must, however, add an in-text citation whenever you refer to these books in your essay. APA Bible References in the Text Include the "relevant titles and/or numbers of chapters/verses/lines" in your in-text citation when citing or paraphrasing particular portions from the book (Lee, 2009). In addition, when discussing a topic covered in one of these books, you should cite it also. Finally, when writing about people in the Bible, it is standard practice to include their names along with their relevant information, such as where and when they lived.
Citations in academic essays follow specific rules designed to ensure that readers can find all the sources you use while reading your paper. These rules include the author's last name and year published if available, the title of the work being cited, and its volume number if there is more than one edition published during the time period in which the study was conducted. If you are citing multiple sources for the same topic, it is necessary to give each source its own citation. These citations are called in-text citations.
In your essay, you should not rely on memory to provide these citations. Rather, follow this simple process: Find the page number for the passage or article you are referring to. Then, look back to see what book or section of the book it is found in. With that information, you can locate the proper citation within the text.