To cite a live performance in MLA style, use the following structure: Date Seen, Theatre, City, State, Performance Title by Playwright's First Name, Directed by Director First Name Last Name, Performance Year.
For example, "George C. Scott directed and performed in A Streetcar Named Desire, a play written by Tennessee Williams, on August 11-12, 1947, at the Young Vic Theater in London."
Citations are also found in Harvard Style, APA Style, and Chicago Manual of Style. For more information on how to format citations, see our citation guide.
To cite a live performance in APA style, use the following structure: Last name, first initial (Writer) of the playwright and director's last name, first initial (Director). (Date Observed) title of performance, original city of production, state this is not an adaptation.
References should be included in your reference list; these are items that have been used as sources. If you are citing a newspaper article, include the author's name, the title of the article, and the date published unless they are standard practice at your institution.
Citations within the text should include the full source with no omission such as "writer/director" or "writer." If you identify the performer by only their role, such as "actor," then also include their name in the citation. For example, if the actor's name is John and he played Jack's part in the play, then the citation would read "John plays the part of Jack." Only use initials for artists who have more than one role, such as actors who play multiple characters in the same production. Initials are not needed when referring to groups or companies because they are identified by their title instead of by individual members' names. For example, if a group called The Red Hot Chili Peppers appeared at your school event, then refer to them without naming any specific member of the band in the citation.
The author's name, as well as the act, scene, and line number(s), should be provided in the MLA parenthetical citation when quoting a play with numbered lines. Include the page number instead if the lines are not numbered. The title of the play should also be included in the citation.
Citing a single play can be difficult because there is no standard form for doing so. However, most authors include the first word or two of each speech by an individual character, along with which scene/act it occurs in, so a knowledgeable reader should be able to locate most plays easily. In addition, many modern editions print the entire text of each play, so you would only need to provide a citation for one act or scene from a multi-scene play.
For example, if you were writing about Shakespeare's Hamlet and wanted to quote a particular line, you could either refer to it by line number (which seems appropriate since it's a quotation) or use its first words (which might help readers identify the line more quickly).
A normal MLA is sufficient. The following is how the cited entry is structured: "Title of the Source," Author The container's title, Version, Number, Publisher, Date of Publication, and Location are also factors. The reference contains only pertinent information. A reader looking for more detail on the subject can read the source.
Citing multiple sources is often required in order to provide readers with a comprehensive view of an issue. In these cases, it is important to ensure that all sources are given in the reference section, and that they are clearly identified as such.
It is recommended to use separate references for primary and secondary sources. Primary sources are those which were written by the person being quoted or mentioned. Secondary sources are those which were not written by this person but which offer evidence on their topic. For example, if quoting George Washington, it would be appropriate to include among your resources Thomas Jefferson's writings about him.
References should be concise. Try to avoid giving lengthy explanations of other people's ideas or opinions. Also avoid copying whole passages from the source material; instead, try to summarize the main points you want to make with relevant quotations.
Finally, references will help readers find additional sources that may interest them. So as you can see, citing sources is very important for writers of academic papers as well as researchers.
Include the work's title, the author, any important performers and an indication of their responsibilities, as well as the venue, location, and date of performance. Italicize the titles of plays, live performance art, and extended musical compositions, but type the titles of shorter works in roman font, surrounded by quotation marks. Include the name of the organization that produced or sponsored the work if it is different from the performer's name.
Examples: "A Streetcar Named Desire," written by Tennessee Williams; performed by Jessica Lange at the Cadillac Theatre in Chicago during the city's Shakespeare Festival in August 2013."The Crucible" was written by Arthur Miller and performed by the company at the American Theater in Chicago during Christmas 2009."If I Had a Ribbon to Give You" was written by Edward Elgar for his mother and composed in 1899. It is one of his overtures. The music was first played at a banquet given in her honor by the Royal Philharmonic Society in London. "At the end of this sentence is where I would like you to find a citation for this piece of information.
In-text citation in MLA style is done using the author-page technique. This implies that the author's last name and the page number (s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived must be included in the text, and a complete citation must be included on your Works Cited page.
In-text citation in APA style is done using the author-date technique. This means that the date of publication must be included in the text, and a complete citation must be included on your Works Cited page.
You should also include a reference list at the end of your paper. These references can be academic papers or books. In-text citations are also appropriate for references such as editorials, news articles, and reviews. Use footnotes instead if the citation information is not relevant to the argument you are making.
References should be published papers or books that have been helpful in preparing your own work. They should not be used to promote commercial products or services. References are usually placed at the end of papers and include the title of the document along with its author(s), year published, and any other information necessary for readers to identify the source easily. A short sentence describing the role of the reference in the context of the paper is sufficient.
Example: "The data presented in Table 1 support our findings reported in article X."
The work mentioned format for speeches might so be: LastName, FirstName. "Speech or Address Title." title of conference or event, weekday, month, year, event location, city presentation style (see below). Source: Name of organization.
An address is a formal talk given at a conference or meeting of societies. It is usually presented before an audience, but it can also be given to other groups or individuals by mail or over the internet. An address is always written in English, but it can be about any subject matter. A citation should include the speaker's name, the title of the speech, and its date. It may also include the name of the conference or event where the speech was given, and the location of that event.
There are two main ways to cite a speech: as part of a collection, or on its own. If it's part of a larger series, then your source will be identified as follows: last name, first name - n. Number-title of collection or assembly. For example, one collection could be called "Current Issues in Mathematics" and another called "Women in Mathematics". If there is only one such speech, then it can be cited alone without reference to a collection.