To reference a direct quotation from an audiovisual source, provide a timestamp alongside the author and date in the in-text citation, showing where the quotation begins. Include page numbers for the video if available.
For example: "The movie says..." (beginning of clip), followed by its director's name and year published, location of production, etc.
Citations for films are usually given as: The Film Director, n.d. Location, etc.
Citations for audiobook quotations are similar to citations for printed works, except that you can use a time stamp rather than a page number to indicate when the quotation begins (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020, p. 274). As an example (lastname, year, 11:25). You could also include the name of the speaker as well as the title of the quotation if you want.
When you cite a source, you incorporate the actual words of the author in your work. "Quotation marks" should be used around the author's words. Include signal words and an in-text reference to indicate the source of the quote. When you paraphrase or summarize a source, you use your own language and sentence structure to express the author's ideas. You should include these phrases in your text as well.
The easiest way to provide proper attribution is by using endnotes or bibliographies. Endnotes are notes at the bottom of each page that list other sources used during your research. Bibliographies are lists of books or articles cited within your work that include the author's name and year published. Use proper citation methods when writing essays because it shows that you have done some research on this topic and can present evidence to support your claims.
6th edition of the APA (scroll down for APA 7th edition).
It's as easy as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 to cite a quotation within a quote.
In general, you should reference in-text whatever comes first in the citation on your Works Cited page. If you are referring to a specific section of the video, the MLA format requires you to mention the time in the movie when that section begins. Author citation in-text: (last name, -. title of document).
If the video is more than one section, such as a segment from an interview or lecture, use numbers or letters to identify different parts of the video. In this case, you would reference both the film transcript and the video itself. One method is to include page numbers at the end of each section. Another is to number or letter different parts of the video. For example, if part one of the video is about three minutes long and part two is five minutes long, reference them as "pt. 1" and "pt. 2" respectively. Author citation in text: (last name, year published -. title of document).
Video sources are often cited with the location before the video starts. For example, a video called "The Star-Spangled Banner" may be referenced as "video source: http://www.nbcnews.com/video/the-star-spangled-banner/4516503". This is known as a YouTube link. You can also reference videos that aren't on YouTube by using the Vimeo, Dailymotion, or Twitch links provided by those sites.