If an author has written under many identities, do not alter the name of the work; instead, mention the work using the name that appears on the publication you read. Most of the time, it is not required to inform the reader that two different names pertain to the same individual; simply credit each work as usual. However, if the author uses one name at home and another at work (or with friends), then they should be cited accordingly.
Citing books by authors' current names will help readers find works by them. For example, if a book published under the name "John Doe" later becomes known as "John Q. Public," it would be proper to refer to it by its new title in subsequent citations. In general, use the name that appears most frequently in the text or footnotes. If there is no clear winner, use the first name that comes to mind.
Authors' original surnames should only be used when there is no ambiguity about the identity of the writer. For example, if John Smith writes two books, one under his own name and one under the pseudonym "Jack Ryan", it is necessary to refer to him as "Smith" in both cases. Only after confirming that the two Johns are indeed one and the same person would it be correct to use his full surname in the citation.
When referencing an author, use the name used by the source, whether it be a genuine name or a pseudonym. For example, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is written by Mark Twain, not Samuel Clemens, thus use the author's pen name rather than his full name. Similarly, Charles Dickens is the author of A Tale of Two Cities and David Copperfield, thus "Charles Dickens" is the citation style for both authors.
If you are using a pseudonym, then it should be listed in the Bibliography along with any other publications used under that name. If your employer or university requires a degree of anonymity for researchers, then list the name given to you by these institutions as well. In this case, your reference should read: "John Smith" or "Jane Roe".
The easiest way to do this is by typing the name of the author followed by "et al." (and replace et al with the actual number of names included in the bibliography). So, the previous example would look like this: "Smith John" and "Roe Jane". You can also include the year published if that information is known. For example, "Dickinson George" and "Forrest Henry". Some sources may require multiple citations depending on the type of work being referenced; for example, a book may need a title and volume number in addition to a last name and date.
It is critical that you appropriately cite the author(s) whose work you are citing. Always begin the citation with the author's last name, followed by a comma, then the remainder of the name as it appears in the source. After the author's name, add a period.
For example, if I were referencing material written by John Smith, I would write "John Smith suggests..." If there are multiple authors, separate them with commas: "John Smith and Robert Jones propose...," or simply "Propose..." If the source contains multiple authors, don't list them all; select one to be used as a reference for the entire piece. Although it is acceptable to use first names with friends or family members, this is not appropriate for scientific sources.
In general, use the form given above for any type of publication. For articles in academic journals, you can also use the abbreviation in place of the full name. However, when using abbreviations, make sure they are consistent throughout the reference - some publishers allow only one abbreviation per reference, so ensure you use it everywhere.
References should always be cited in the order in which they are presented in the text. Therefore, it is important to number your citations from the most relevant and prominent material (usually the first one) down to less relevant sources. This ensures that these later sources will not be overlooked during research or editing processes.
Most authors should publish using their legal or given name as a general rule. Same name—An author may employ a pen name if their true name is mistaken with that of another author or a famous person. Avoid overexposure: A pen name may be used to avoid overexposure. An example is the case of Anne Rice, who used to write under the pseudonym "Richard Bachman".
In rare cases, authors will publish under an alias for various reasons. Some common examples include hiding their identity because they are writing about controversial subjects or people, or wanting to create a new identity for themselves. Authors may also use an alias when they have a name that is too difficult to type or print. For example, Alice Walker published two books in her own name and one in the name of "Walker Bynum". The reason she gave was that "Bynum" was easier to pronounce than "Walk".
Names can also be used as a form of artistic expression or as a political statement. For example, Simone de Beauvoir used the name "Simone La Bouche" for her first novel. It means "little white flower" in French.
Finally, some authors may use an alias as a form of privacy protection. If you search online, you will find that many well-known authors have used aliases at some point in their careers.
Include both names and the hyphen in the reference list item and in-text citation if the surname is hyphenated. Include both names in the reference list item and in-text citation if the surname has two components separated by a space and no hyphen. For example, Molloy-Smith would be cited as Molloy-Smith.