The following is the in-text citation format: For parenthetical citations, we provide the first author's last name and the year of publication, as follows: When there are two writers, we give their last names as well as the year of publication [Burando and Lee 2007]; when there are more than two authors, we include the...
Include the last names of all three to five editors in the initial in-text reference. All future in-text citations include the first editor's last name, et al., and the year after the first. See, for example, Blumthal et al (2013).
The author's last name and the publication date of the source, contained by parentheses, should be at the conclusion of the sentence before any punctuation. Examples include... (Smith 2010)... (Wells and Morgan 2007).
Citations in the Text
Citations in the Text
The Fundamentals of In-Text Citation
When mentioning numerous works in parentheses, arrange the citations alphabetically and separate them with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same author in chronological order by year of publication. Citations without a date should be placed first. Then, order employs dates in chronological order. In-press citations should be placed last. Avoid using quotation marks when citing multiple works.
Citations are references to specific pages within the text. When you write a bibliography, list all the sources you use on a particular topic. These are called references or bibliographies. At the end of each entry, you list the information about that source: where it was published, who published it, when it was published, and what page number it has on the current edition of your book or article. You can also include web sites here if they're relevant to your topic.
References are important for two reasons: first, so that readers can see how others have interpreted your ideas; second, so that future researchers will know what tools exist for exploring different aspects of your topic. Always refer to sources directly in the text, using their full names and abbreviating only after first using Google to find out more information about them.
Include the author(s)' last name and the year of publication when paraphrasing or referencing someone else's work. According to Jones (1998), the APA citation system is tough for first-time learners. The Chicago Manual of Style is the preferred style guide for most writers.