The APA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the year of publication, as in: (Field, 2005). Include the page number for direct quotations, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). In general, use only lowercase letters for the author's last name and remove any punctuation except full stops (periods).
When citing in-text in APA style, use the author-date method. This indicates that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source, such as Jones, should be in the text (1998). Each source should have one complete reference in the reference list at the conclusion of the article. In this example, the citation would look like this: "Jones, 1998." This is the preferred method because it is clear that more than one source was used to write the article.
If you cannot provide all the information about the source on your own, then you will need to use a parenthetical note instead. These can be placed at the end of the article before references or within the body of the essay before discussing the source material. The note should include the following information: the date of retrieval (if available), the title of the source, the full citation including the author's name and year published, and any other notes regarding the source such as limitations in its usefulness for your paper.
In addition to the author-date method, another common method is to list the sources with their dates in the order they were used by the writer. This is called the chronology method and looks like this: "Jones, 1998; Another Source, 2003." Again, each source should have one complete reference listed at the end of the article. If there are multiple sources quoted in the body of the essay, they should be listed separately with individual notes.
Jones (1998), for example, and a complete citation should be included in the reference list at the conclusion of the work. Citing within the text is acceptable but varies significantly from journal to journal. In general, if there is room within the text, include the information on where to find it. If not, include it in the reference list.
The Fundamentals of In-Text Citation
No. 9-806-105 in HBS. Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, MA In-text citations in APA format include the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number (for quotations), either in the text or in parentheses.
For sources that do not contain page numbers, such as websites and e-books, use a paragraph number, such as: (Field, 2005, para. 1). The APA Style and Grammar Guidelines web page has more information about direct citation of sources without pagination.
An in-text citation is a citation that appears within your work and indicates where you obtained your information, facts, quotes, and research. The following information is required for all APA in-text citations: Author's surname (no first names or initials) year of publication (or "n.d." if no date is given): (LastName, undated, p. 1). Source Information - give the full title of the article, book, or other source material along with its year of publication (or "n.d." if no date is given)
In-text citations are used to identify sources of information, opinions, and arguments contained in your paper. They help readers find additional materials on the topic of your paper. In addition, they help scholars verify the information in their papers. Finally, in-text citations aid readers in determining the soundness of your analysis and the quality of your work.
In general, follow this process to create an effective in-text citation:
1. Identify the source. Check the bibliography or works cited page for relevant publications. Note any important details about the source such as the author(s), year published, and location of publication.
2. Type the source's name into the in-text reference system.
The author's surname name should be followed by the first name and a semicolon in an APA entry. Following that, the module's title should be enclosed in quotation marks. Finally, provide a list of where the module presentation or notetaking will take place.