The Bible does not need to be included in your bibliography. When quoting a portion of scripture, mention the book's shortened title, chapter number, and verse number—never a page number. If the citation is longer than one line, separate each source with a comma.
Books written by Christians are usually referred to by their title plus author name (e.g., John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress). If you are writing about events in the life of Jesus, it is appropriate to include the word "Christ" as part of the book's title (e.g., John Christ's Gospel). Writing about books that focus on biblical topics may also require inclusion of the term "bible" in the citation (e.g., A Survey of the New Testament). In general, avoid using abbreviations in reference to the Bible. It is better to say "the Old Testament" or "the Bible" than "OT" or "Bible words that cause problems for some people include acronyms such as ICK and BFD which stand for "I can't believe anyone would think..." and "Before I die I want to..." respectively."
If you are including a collection of essays, poems, or other material, refer to it as a "anthology" rather than by page number. This is because collections don't have pages.
A colon separates the chapter and verse. Use no punctuation when using acronyms like NRSV.
For example, one might cite John 3:16 without referencing the Bible because it is a well-known quote. However, if one were to cite a specific passage or passage(s) from John 3:16-17, one would reference it as follows: "John 3:16 (NLT) states that 'no one who believes in Jesus will die before he sees God.'"
Similarly, if one wanted to refer to a particular word within the Bible, one could give its definition or explanation within the context of the sentence. For example, one might define faith as "the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen" (Heb 11:1). Or, one might explain away certain verses by saying that they are examples of what can happen when people write history with a view to their own generation (Mt 12:22; Mk 2:23).
Finally, if one wanted to refer to a particular translation of the Bible, one could give its full title.
Use footnotes, endnotes, or parenthetical notes to cite the Bible. However, if you want to include it, use these formats: Endnotes, footnotes, or parentheticals.
Endnotes consist of a number at the end of a paragraph or page that links to another part of the text. In other words, an endnote is a reference within the text that directs readers to another location. Use endnotes when giving too much information would make the text too bulky or obscure some details.
Footnotes are references written at the bottom of pages. These references are attached to specific points in the text. Footnotes are used to refer to material that is not directly related to the main topic of the paper but which still needs to be discussed or cited. For example, if you were writing on John Lennon and wanted to discuss how popular culture has influenced his music, you could include a footnote citing various films and television shows that have been made about him.
1 Corinthians 13:4 is an example. There are also tools available to generate bibliographic entries for you. See "Bible Software Programs" below for more information.
The New King James Version uses footnotes to indicate sources of information. You should follow this practice as well when citing the Bible. These notes allow readers to determine the reliability of each source used in writing the book. They also help people navigate those ancient books if they are interested in certain topics within them. Footnotes are easy to miss because they aren't highlighted like other parts of the text, so be sure to read carefully.
Here is how a footnote looks in the NKJV:
Note: For brevity's sake, only the first line of each quotation is included here.
In addition to footnotes, modern versions include endnotes. Endnotes are note fragments that can be added to the back of the volume or online. They provide additional information about the Bible's authors or events mentioned in its pages. Users can click these links to view additional information about them. Endnotes are typically identified by numbers instead of letters like footnotes because many volumes contain multiple sets of endnotes.
1 Corinthians 13:4, 15:12-19 are two examples. When referencing a passage of scripture, use proper grammar and punctuation. Proper nouns such as people's names or titles should be italicized. Common words that are not part of the sentence should be in normal typeface. Long passages of text should be divided into paragraphs.
When citing multiple passages from the same book, use different reference entries. For example, if you were to cite both Genesis 9:6 and Leviticus 19:18, you would list them under two separate entries in your bibliography. This is called an entry for a multivolume work like the Bible. It is important to identify the volume and page number for each entry.
Biblical scholars often cite parts of the Bible in their articles and books. These references are known as citations. There are several ways to format citations for the Bible. The first method is simply to list the book and chapter numbers at the end of the article or book. For example, an article on biblical archaeology might include this citation for the Book of Jonah (Jonah 1:17): "According to some scholars, this is how the book of Jonah began."
The in-text citation format is the same whether you are quoting a print or online edition of the Bible. You'll need the Bible passage you're reciting, as well as the book, chapter, and verse number. In your in-text citation, you will utilize an abbreviated version of lengthy book titles (MLA Handbook 1872). When citing the New King James Version, for example, you would write "NIV" instead of "New International Version." You can identify this version by its two-letter abbreviation ("NIV") rather than a full title string.
For example, if I were writing about John 3:16 here on WorldWideWorship.com, I might start my essay like this: "According to the NIV, God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, Jesus Christ." Then I would cite this verse within the body of my essay, using these words in place of the entire sentence: "John 3:16 (NIV) states that God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, Jesus Christ."
In general, when you are quoting language from the Bible that is not being cited as evidence for or against some point of view, it's acceptable to use abstract terms such as "God said," "Jesus answered," and "the Bible teaches..." They provide readers with information about the text while still giving credit to the original authors.
The in-text citation format is the same whether you are quoting a print or online edition of the Bible. You'll need the Bible passage you're reciting, as well as the book, chapter, and verse number. In your in-text citation, you will utilize an abbreviated version of lengthy book titles (MLA Handbook 1872).
Unless you move to another edition, identify the version of the Bible in your initial in-text reference only when using the MLA or APA style format. The book, chapter, and verse information are the only pieces of material necessary in following citations.