All information utilized in your paper must be cited whenever and whenever it is used. When mentioning sources in your article, include only the author's last name (no initials) and the year the material was published. When using a direct quote, provide the page number in your reference, such as this: (Dodge, 2008, p. 3).
If you are referring to a website in your research paper, then please also include the web address down below. This will help others find the source if they want to!
Citing sources in writing is very important for two reasons: first, because others may one day search for the information you have presented and need to know where to find it; second, because you want to give credit where it is due. Good writers make an effort to be accurate with their work and will not include information unless they can verify its accuracy themselves. Also, try not to copy/paste from other sources directly into your own paper. Instead, use proper citation style and reference all sources properly.
There are many ways to cite sources within your paper. The easiest way is to follow the guidelines provided by most journals. If your journal requires a specific method, then follow that process. Otherwise, feel free to use any method that helps you present information accurately.
Include an in-text reference when referring or quoting an observation in the body of your article to inform your reader of its source. This should include the author's name, year of publication, and, if appropriate, page number. For example, "One study found that women who ate more than 70 grams of sugar a day were 3 times more likely to die during pregnancy or birth (37)."
References are important tools for verifying information on studies conducted by other researchers. They also provide opportunities for second opinions. If you have questions about whether some study supports what you're writing about or not, checking with the author/s of the study is easy - they are usually listed right there on the paper! You can contact them with specific questions or just give them a call to see how their research came out.
References are included at the end of articles and books. They are listed in order of appearance, so if an article has three references, they would be cited as 1 Author Name, Year of Publication; 2 Author Name, Year of Publication; 3 Author Name, Year of Publication. In general, only authors of studies should be cited. Editors, reviewers, and others who help shape publications may also be given names but only if they are unique to one article or book. A generic term such as "an analyst" can be used instead if necessary.
If you are directly quoting from a work, give the author's name, year of publication, and page number in the reference (preceded by "p."). Begin the quotation with a signal phrase that contains the author's last name, followed by the publication date in parentheses. For example: Bush, George W., 2008. Quotations omitted from the reference list but necessary for understanding the context of the quote/graphic will sometimes be provided in the text near where they appear in the source.
If you are directly quoting from an audio or video recording, give the title of the recording, the name of the organization that produced it, and the date it was published/broadcast. If you have the permission of these parties, you can use this material without citing it directly; instead, cite the source using one of the following methods:
In the case of audio recordings, include the name of the speaker after each quotation. This allows the reader to find the quote again if he or she wants to listen/view it again. In addition, include the date of the recording on which the speech was given if possible.
In the case of videos, include the name of the film company, the name of the director, and the date it was released in the caption or end credits.
Do not include page numbers for quotes taken directly from books because readers cannot refer back to those pages.
Every in-text citation in your article must be accompanied by a reference list item. The APA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the year of publication, as in: (Field, 2005). Include the page number for direct quotations, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). In general, use the word "page" or "pages" to indicate the quantity of text being quoted. Do not repeat the word "page" or "pages" within the quotation.
If you are citing multiple sources, it is necessary to provide complete citations for all authors' works. Complete citations include the author's last name, the year of publication, and the title of the work. They also may include the page numbers if the work is long. Examples: (Field, 2005) and (Langston, 1994).
It is acceptable to use abbreviations in in-text citations when they are defined as part of any standard academic reference list. For example, if your reference list uses "MLA", then you can write "(Field, 2005)" instead of "(Field, 2005)", because "MLA" stands for "Modern Language Association". If no such abbreviation is available, give full names for every source cited in-text. Use only one form of citation regardless of how many sources are being used.
Sources should be cited accurately and completely in order to avoid problems with your submission.