A poem is a collection of words, either spoken or written, that communicate ideas or feelings in a strongly vivid and imaginative form. A poem follows a specific rhythmic and metrical pattern. It can be as little as three lines long, such as "The Owl and the Pussycat," which some people call a fable, but most consider a poem because of its imaginative quality and strong appeal to the emotions. The term "poem" also refers to something written down to be read or heard. For example, a poem on a page or screen is called a poem book or poem film.
Poems can give voice to our deepest thoughts and feelings, whether personal or universal. They can offer guidance by explaining how someone else has managed similar difficulties. They can make us laugh or cry. Above all, poems connect us with the world around us and with ourselves. They are one of humanity's greatest gifts to itself.
People have been writing poems since early times. Some ancient Chinese poems have been found engraved on rocks near temples. Many Indian poets including Lord Krishna, Mahavira, and others, have left their mark on the world through poems. Modern poets too have had an enormous influence over society, especially during their own time. For example, William Shakespeare created many famous poems that still hold true today.
A poem is a piece of literature that use inventive language to communicate ideas, feelings, or tales to the reader. A poet is someone who writes poetry. Many poetry contain words or phrases that sound wonderful when read aloud. These poems are called lyrical poems. Other types of poems include narrative poems that tell a story, and descriptive poems that explain or highlight what they are writing about.
The term "poem" can be used to describe any creative work that uses words to express an idea, but not all ideas expressed in this way are equal in importance, value, or achievement. Poems range from short lyrics (often referred to as "sonnets" or "sestets") to longer works that combine different methods of expression, such as prose with added lines (known as "blank verse").
In its most general sense, "poem" means "a series of verses", though in practice this is usually interpreted to mean a collection of related poems. The term does not define exactly how many lines make up a "verse" nor how many parts there are in a "series"; these quantities are determined by other factors in addition to length. A poem may have more than one stanza, but no set number of lines per stanza is required.
Learners of the English Language A poem is described as a work of literature that incorporates metaphorical language, is written in distinct lines, has a repetitive rhythm, and occasionally rhymes. All poems are constructed using words or phrases called stanzas. Each stanza has a beginning (usually with a capital letter) and an ending (which may be a question mark). Within stanzas, sentences usually contain from two to five words, although more or less can be used.
Poems can be divided into several categories based on how they are constructed. Poems that use repetition to convey meaning are known as lyric poems. These include sonnets, villanelles, sestinas, and limericks. Lyric poems often include formal structures such as alternating tercets or quatrains that highlight important ideas within the text. Free verse is a type of poetry that does not follow a strict form; instead, the writer chooses how to construct the poem by varying sentence length and structure. Free verse poems can include lyrical elements such as metaphor and allusion, but their main purpose is to express the author's thoughts on a topic completely freely.
Epic poems are long narrative poems that deal with events that happen over a large time period. The Iliad and the Odyssey are examples of epics that have been widely read and admired throughout history.