Direct quotes are when you use another person's precise words in your own work. Quote marks are always used in pairs. Do not start a quotation and then fail to finish it at the end of the cited item. Capitalize the initial letter of a direct quote when it is a complete sentence. Otherwise, treat it like any other phrase.
An example would be "Alfred Hitchcock once said, 'I don't want to tell the audience anything; I want to surprise them.'" This would be considered a direct quote because it is an exact reproduction of Hitchcock's statement. It would also be considered a strong quote because it makes an assertion about the film director. Finally, it would be considered a casual quote because it is not presented as part of a longer piece of writing.
These are just some of the many things to consider when quoting sources. The main thing is that when you quote someone, you should always credit them for their work and share some form of contact information (such as a website or email address).
This allows others to find and read what they wrote even if they have not published anything else. And it helps you cite your sources, which is important for academic writing and research projects.
Have you ever quoted something without giving credit?
A direct quote (or direct quotation) is the precise words taken from one source and utilized in another. An indirect quote (or indirect quotation) is an idea or information borrowed from another source and utilized in a subsequent piece of writing. The borrowing source is referred to as an "indirect" or "secondary" source.
Primary sources are the actual materials used by the author, while secondary sources are works that study or analyze the primary source. For example, if you were writing about American history and came across a book describing the major events of the past 300 years, this would be a secondary source. If the same book contained interviews with important people who lived at the time of the events described, these would be primary sources.
The distinction is important because it tells us how much weight we can give to each type of source. Primary sources are always preferred over secondary ones since they offer direct evidence of what happened. They can also be more useful since they can sometimes include facts not found in other sources. For example, if we wanted to know why George Washington crossed the Delaware River on Christmas Day 1776, we could read his own words explaining his reason for doing so, but if we wanted to learn more about ancient warfare we could look up the description of his actions in a secondary source.
Indirect sources are useful because they tend to be broader in scope than direct sources.
It is not necessary to use quote marks. When you paraphrase or summarize, always include in-text citations to let the reader know that the material came from another source. In this case, since the source is itself quoting someone else, then yes, a citation is required.
When quoting straight from a source, use quotation marks around the cited area. At the conclusion of the quote, provide an in-text reference with the author's name and page number, such as this: "This is a direct quotation" (Smith 8). "This is a direct quotation" ("Trouble" 22).
An exact quote should be surrounded by quotation marks (""), or if it is 40 words or longer, it should be formatted as a block quotation. Then, just after the quotation, you include an In-Text Citation to identify where the quote originated from.
When quoting another author, it's important to introduce or contextualize the quote. In your citation, add the author's last name and page number (MLA) or author, date, and page number (APA). Examples:
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. "Here's a direct quote" (Smith 8). If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Use the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks. You should also include the chapter and/or section numbers if they are available.