The author of some types of writing will state the main idea in the first sentence of a paragraph and then use the rest of the paragraph to support the main idea. Identifying the supporting information will assist you in identifying and explaining the piece's core theme. For example, if you were writing about how children need proper nutrition to grow up healthy, you would probably begin by discussing some physical attributes of the human body and how they are affected by malnutrition- for example, thin hair, poor teeth, and so on. - before moving on to discuss other factors such as emotional development or cognitive skills. These are the things that help make up a child's personality after all.
In your essays, this process will look something like this: start with a statement of the main idea (called the topic sentence)- in this case, "Children need proper nutrition to grow up healthy."- Follow it with a list of examples to support the claim (called the supporting facts or details). In this case, the supporting facts include physical traits that show that children who are not getting enough nutrients look after them emotionally too.
Finally, wrap it up with another statement saying something similar but different from the original topic sentence ("Malnutrition can also affect psychological development"- in this case, "Children who are not getting enough nutrients may feel unhappy or ashamed"). This is called contrast language. It makes sure that your reader does not become confused by simply reading about two similar things.
A piece's core idea is its general concept. Supporting details are utilized to illustrate the primary concept and to back up a piece's theme. A piece's (or paragraph's) main idea is usually found at the beginning, and supporting details follow.
For example, if you were to write about what makes someone attractive, you would need to include something about their face, their figure, and their smile. All of these things go together to make up a person's appeal. You can say that each of these factors is a piece of information that helps us understand why someone is attractive.
Pieces of information are also used to explain ideas or concepts. For example, if you wanted to explain how inheritance works, you could say that it is based on pieces of information which are passed down from generation to generation. You could also say that genes are pieces of information that are passed down from parent to offspring. These pieces of information are used by cells to help them function properly.
Finally, pieces of information are needed when writing essays or reports. In academic papers, examples are often given to explain concepts or theories. For instance, if you were to write about discrimination based on appearance, you would need to include examples of people being discriminated against because of their appearance.
The main ideas highlight the most important points in the text. The accompanying details demonstrate why the author feels the primary concepts are correct. Understanding each of these aspects is critical to comprehending the work as a whole. Details include explanations about reasons for choosing certain words or examples to make your point.
In other words, the main idea is general; the key details are specific.
Without the key details, this article would just be another piece of writing with a main idea. However, with the key details included, it's possible to understand how the author reached their conclusion and what problems they're trying to solve with their work.
Key details can include anything that helps explain how and why the author reaches their conclusion, such as experimental data, previous works, alternative theories, etc.
Additionally, key details may include any facts or examples that support the argument made in the essay.
For example, in order to prove that immigration is beneficial because it creates jobs, you would need to know that many immigrants start their own businesses after arriving in the United States and also take advantage of other employment opportunities.
Furthermore, you could include any statistics regarding the impact of immigration on the unemployment rate or the economy as a whole.
Supporting facts frequently bring you to the stated major concept and also provide vital information that might assist you in formulating the primary idea when it is indicated. It is beneficial to recognize and comprehend supporting information since they might aid in understanding the arrangement of a paragraph. Equally as important, they can reveal mistakes made by the author or others.
In this passage, there are several details that help explain how plants adapt to their environment. The first detail mentioned is "plant physiology". Plant physiology is the study of how plants function inside and outside their bodies. Plants use the functions of their organs such as photosynthesis, transpiration, and respiration to survive. These functions are only possible because plants are living organisms like us. Physiology allows scientists to learn more about plants' abilities and limitations. It is also useful in learning about how humans compare to other animals since we share many of the same physiological processes.
Next, the writer mentions that plants need water and carbon dioxide to live. Water and carbon dioxide are both necessary for plant life because they are elements found in soil. Without these two things, there would be no plants.
At last, the passage states that plants need energy to grow. Energy is the capacity to do work; it is what makes engines and turbines turn. All forms of energy are used by plants for growth and reproduction.
The primary concepts highlight the most important elements in the text. Understanding both of these things is critical to comprehending the text as a whole. What are you doing reading a text? You're trying to understand what the author wants you to know. If you can't figure out why he or she wrote what he or she did, then there's no use in reading on.
Here are some other examples:
Main idea: increasing number of female babies being killed, buried, and abandoned - supported by statistics showing a correlation with poverty and social problems. Details: descriptions of different methods used for killing infants, including burning, drowning, suffocating, and beating them to death; accounts of women who had done this kind of thing before and after they were arrested; analysis of reasons why poor people cannot afford to keep their babies.
Main idea: A young woman's struggle against societal expectations regarding marriage and motherhood - supported by references to famous women who had similar struggles and ideas they themselves were not expected to be housewives after marrying rich men - plus a detailed account of one particular girl's experience with this sort of conflict.
The important aspects that support the core notion are the significant details. They frequently include tiny information as well. While the larger details clarify and deepen the primary idea, the lesser supporting elements are built upon. These additional pieces of evidence help explain or illustrate what has already been said.
For example, in order to explain why Roosevelt was elected president when he had only 458 votes against Hoover's 1501-vote margin, one would look at the electoral vote map at the time. One would know that Roosevelt won every state except Utah and Idaho. This evidence shows that people wanted a change after the Great Depression and they chose Roosevelt over his opponent.
Similarly, in order to prove that Hillary Clinton should be the next president of the United States, one must examine all the facts and circumstances of her campaign. It is not enough to simply say that she is the favorite because most people think she will win. You need to look at other factors such as income inequality, global warming, and the Iraq War if you want to make a convincing argument for Clinton.
In conclusion, relevant information is any detail that helps explain or support the main idea. This information can be large or small, detailed or ambiguous, but it should always be there. If you cannot find any relevant information, then your essay may be incomplete or incorrect.