Textual evidence is evidence gathered from the original source or other texts that supports an argument or thesis. Such evidence can be found in the form of quotations, paraphrased material, and descriptions of the text.
Consider how this quote supports the idea that Martin Luther was a major force in bringing about the Protestant Reformation: "Here I stand; I cannot help it. God help me, so help me God." It isn't until later in the sentence that we learn he was actually writing from a prison cell. This shows that even though he was imprisoned for his beliefs, he still felt like he had power over his circumstances.
This quotation is used to support the idea that women have been able to play important roles in society throughout history: "Women have always played an essential role in society. Their contribution to civilization has never been recognized enough." It's clear from reading this short passage that the author believes women should be given more credit for their achievements rather than seeing them as merely being useful objects who happen to live longer than men.
Evidence is facts or statements that prove or disprove claims made in arguments, essays, and papers. Evidence can be described as any information that helps us understand something better or leads to new discoveries. All forms of evidence are useful in understanding people and events in history, but only some evidence is reliable.
Textual evidence is concerned with written facts and the methods used to determine whether or not the information is true. When an author provides a perspective or thesis and employs evidence to support the assertions, textual evidence is used. An example would be the writing of history books where the author would cite sources to verify their claims.
Textual evidence can be seen as facts that prove or disprove some claim made in an argument or paper. These facts can be quotes from people or documents, examples used during class discussions, or even facts discovered while doing research for your paper. The evidence itself is what proves or disproves our claim. For example, if I wanted to prove that dogs are better than cats, I could find many examples of dogs being loyal and loving towards their owners while cats are not. This would be my textual evidence. I might also talk with some people who have both a dog and a cat and compare notes. This would be more anecdotal evidence since it comes from real life rather than from a study or experiment. At the end of the day, both forms of evidence can be used to prove or disprove any claim because they each have their advantages and disadvantages.
As you can see, textual evidence is very relevant in today's society because we rely on others to tell us what they think about issues that may not necessarily be reported in the news.
Textual evidence is direct support for your analysis from the text itself. When analyzing a book, you want your readers to understand what the author truly says, not just your interpretation of the author's thoughts. For example, when analyzing Abraham Lincoln's speeches, you would want to include any actual quotes from the president in your support of your analysis of his ideas.
Textual evidence can be found in several forms within the source material. There are two main types: paraphrases and summaries. Paraphrases are interpretations of the text written by someone other than the author. These may include analyses, comments, or letters from others. Summaries are short descriptions of the text's contents written by the author themselves. These can help readers understand the context of the story or idea being discussed.
Paraphrases and summaries provide valuable information about the author's ideas that cannot be learned from simply reading the original text. By including these pieces of evidence, you help prove that you have thought deeply about the text yourself, which makes your analysis more accurate and credible.
Textual evidence consists of summaries, paraphrases, specific details, and direct quotations. These items are used to support the claims made in an essay or paper.
Textual evidence can be found in many forms including footnotes, endnotes, glossaries, bibliographies, and archives. These different formats will be discussed in more detail below.
In your essay, you should always refer back to these pieces of evidence to help support your arguments.
Footnotes/Endnotes: Footnotes and endnotes are special sections at the bottom or top of a page containing information about the source of each quote or piece of summary evidence used in the essay. They offer readers the opportunity to follow up on their interest in other sources without having to read the entire essay first. Footnotes and endnotes are very useful tools for citation purposes as well as clarity of writing; therefore they should be used frequently in essays.
Glossaries: A glossary is a dictionary-like reference tool that lists terms used in the text with definitions or explanations. Each term is defined by a single word or phrase rather than by a sentence as in a dictionary.