Block Quotes in APA Style Block quotations are used for direct quotations of more than 40 words. They should be separated from the main content and should not contain any quotation marks. Make a new line for the block quote. The full quotation should be indented by 1/2 inch or 5-7 spaces; the block quote might be single-spaced. Use footnotes or endnotes as necessary to include references to sources within the quoted material.
A block quote is a lengthy quotation that is indented and put on a new line to form a separate block of text. There are no quote marks. Block quotations are indented 0.5 inch from the left in APA and MLA styles, and an in-text citation is added after the period. Other citation styles have extra guidelines. See also: Endnote, In-Text Citation.
Block quotations are useful for long excerpts from books or articles. They can also be used for short quotes if you want to highlight them without giving them their own paragraph. Finally, they can be used to cite passages of text that aren't necessarily words or sentences but rather ideas or topics (i.e., "The book explores X, Y, and Z concepts").
In academic papers, block quotations are used to provide support for specific arguments or claims within the paper. For example, if you wanted to argue that social networking sites such as Facebook are useful tools for students to connect with other people then you would include several examples from real studies about how social networking has helped other people find jobs, make friends, and more. Each time you refer to one of these studies, you should end it with a block quotation. This will help readers understand that these are actual studies that support your argument.
When quoting exactly what was said before, block quotations are read as normal quotations but with additional space around them to indicate that they're blocks instead of paragraphs.
When the MLA formatting style is necessary, this is the situation. If you're using APA, your quotations should be longer than 40 words. Block quotes must always be indented and begin on a new line. Block quotes can also be styled in italics so that the reader can readily recognize them.
In Word, format a block quotation as follows:
When citing speech between characters, such as in a play, a block quote is always used. The block format is a standalone quote without quotation marks. Start the block quote with a colon (unless the context of your quotation dictates otherwise) and on a new line. End the quote with two spaces or one tab. Then print what follows the block quote like any other sentence.
Here is an example: "The speaker paused dramatically: 'I am Shakespeare.' "
This method should be used whenever there is a significant passage that needs to be quoted but not spoken by a character. Such passages often occur in novels and plays written before 1950. These quotations are called "silent scenes."
Modern writers may use ellipses instead. An ellipsis is three periods... with no word following them. So, this means "Shakespeare..."
Other methods include quoting within a quotation or paraphrasing what was said.