Format for a Laboratory Report The following components would be included in a normal lab report: title, abstract, introduction, technique, findings, and commentary. Separate pages are used to begin the title page, abstract, references, and appendices (subsections from the main body of the report are not).
The purpose of a laboratory report is to provide information about the tests performed on a patient. The report should include what was done with the sample, why it is important for the patient to have a healthy immune system, and finally, what the results were. The laboratory report should be written so that it can be read by others. This means using simple language and avoiding complex scientific terminology as much as possible. A laboratory technician or scientist may help write up the report after the tests have been completed. However, the physician who ordered the tests usually writes them up too.
There are two types of laboratory reports: descriptive and analytical. Descriptive reports list the different components found in a blood test or urine analysis and the results they produce. Analytical reports discuss how the results of one test affect the results of other tests or which samples need to be repeated before new results can be obtained.
Blood samples are taken from a patient at a hospital or clinic. The lab technician sends some of the blood to be analyzed by a machine called a spectrophotometer. The results of the blood analysis are then sent to the doctor who ordered the tests.
Several components of a laboratory report are frequently designated by titles. A typical report might have components such as the title, introduction, process, findings, and discussion/conclusion. Section headers should be in boldface if you are typing your work on a computer. The first section of the laboratory report is called the title page or front matter.
The laboratory report consists of these elements: title, abstract, background, purpose, materials and methods, results, conclusions, and references. The title page should be typed on lab paper with space left blank for you to write it up. It should include all the necessary information about the report including who will receive it, where it can be found, when it was last updated, and whether it has an association with any publications listed in the reference section. You should also include the name of the laboratory in which the analysis was performed. Titles should be written in plain English and should give readers the essential information they need without boring them with details they don't care about. Use words that explain what the report contains without using so many scientific terms that non-scientists cannot understand it.
The abstract is a brief summary of the report's contents included at the beginning of every laboratory report. It should be no more than 200 words. If there is not enough room on the page, we recommend dividing the abstract into multiple paragraphs.
A decent lab report structure consists of six major sections:
The Organization of Lab Reports Title Page (REQUIRED) Lab number and title, course name and section, your name, the name(s) of your group members, the date of the experiment, and the due date.
In general, your science lab report should have a title, abstract, introduction, a list of materials used in your experiment, a description of the techniques employed, your results, a commentary of your results, and a list of literature referenced. These components are common to most laboratory reports.
Your title should be concise but informative. It should give someone reading your report only the information they need to understand what was done in your study. For example, if you were to report on the effects of different salts on the growth of plants, your title could be "The effect of sodium chloride on the growth of plants." Here, the reader knows that you are going to describe an experiment that tests the effect of various salts on plants. The word "effects" has been used instead of "results" because even though plants did not grow well in the presence of salt, that does not mean that it caused them to fail to grow.
Your abstract is a brief summary of the report's content. The purpose of an abstract is to provide readers with a brief overview of the article without being distracted by details that aren't essential for understanding the main idea. As such, an abstract usually contains less detail than the body of the report; rather, it provides a general sense of the topic discussed.
The introduction is a short paragraph that gives readers the background knowledge they need to follow the rest of the report.