The writer's point of view on the issue or a revelation about human nature are the ideas he or she desires to express about the subject. To determine the theme, first identify the storyline of the tale, the way the story employs characterisation, and the fundamental conflict in the story. The main theme of a work can be anything from a broad statement to many specific details. It may even be evident only when viewed in detail.
To identify a theme, start with the story itself. What is the main idea or message that it communicates? This might be a general principle, such as "All men are mortal" or a more specific one, such as "Love is blind." Both statements could function as themes for a story about a man who finds out that his friend is actually the daughter of a king. Once you have identified the main idea or message of the story, look at how it does this. Does it make use of characters? If so, how? What other concepts or ideas are involved? These are all aspects of tone which help tell us what kind of story it is. A story that uses humour to convey its message about friendship will have a different tone than one that deals primarily with drama or romance. Finally, ask yourself what type of story it is. Is it a fable? A parable? A myth? Using these terms as guides, you should be able to come up with an answer to this question.
Then look at the title of the story; this is where you will find its theme. The theme can be a single word or multiple words.
In "The Raven", the theme is mystery. The poem itself is all about solving mysteries - what happened to the bird's owner? What was the curse doing on his property? Why does he deserve it? - and it concludes with the speaker advising another reader to "keep watch, and cry 'Who comes?'" - which implies that there is still more mystery to be solved.
Theme statements are important because they summarise the main ideas in a story. Without going into great detail, the theme statement helps readers understand the overall message of the story.
Have a look at these themes stated simply: "Fiction is power" tells us that fiction has authority over its audience, while "All good things must come to an end" reminds us that life is temporary. Simple, right?
Now, let's take a look at some classic short stories that have been adapted into movies.
A story's theme is its underlying meaning, or "main concept." In other words, what vital life belief is the author attempting to transmit through the creation of a book, play, short story, or poem? This notion, or idea, crosses cultural boundaries. A piece of writing will frequently include more than one theme. For example, a play can deal with social issues such as racism and poverty while also presenting a love story between two people from different backgrounds.
Types of Themes
The most common types of themes are moral, emotional, and intellectual.
Moral themes deal with how we should act toward others. They can be specific (such as "how we treat strangers") or general (such as "what is important in life"). A character in a story who tries to do good but makes mistakes along the way has a moral theme. So does a character who is self-sacrificing even though it gets them nothing but trouble. These kinds of characters often appear in novels, movies, and plays.
Emotional themes deal with how we feel about things. They can be personal (such as "I hate bullies") or universal (such as "grief" or "love"). A character in a story who feels anger, hatred, jealousy, or greed has an emotional theme. So does a character who is afraid, lonely, hopeful, or determined.